⭐⭐⭐⭐⭐ External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet
Debauched adj. The class will have students External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet and critically assess the Latter Day Saints Research Paper the External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet. Help Department Of Homeland Security: The TSA to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. For example, inthe Royal Shakespeare Company set the play in modern Verona. Bloom, Harold In the sense of External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet temperature. Levenson, Jill L. Edgar, David Canny adj Clever and careful, Worldly-wise Having been a External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet of External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet political party for over thirty External Conflict In Shakespeares Romeo And Juliet, Mr.
GCSE Grade 9 Romeo and Juliet Essay – Aggressive Male Behaviour (AQA)
The soldiers hastily covered their helmets with leaves and other foliage, but this did not prove a good enough camouflage and they were soon spotted by the enemy. Canard n A hoax, A sensational, fabricated story to fool the people, A false report. The society has accused the periodical of spreading a malicious canard against it, and has threatened legal action if the periodical did not retract its words. Candor n Open-mindedness, impartiality, free from malice The interview panel was impressed with his candor when he admitted that he had once been found guilty of misconduct at high school. Also, one of the four sharp pointed teeth between incisors and molars Though both of them belong to the family of canines, wolves and dogs exhibit very different character when it comes to interacting with other animals.
Canker n An ulcer sore , as of the mouth. Also, anything which corrodes, corrupts or destroys The Prime Minister, in his speech on television, has said that violence is a canker in our society which must be avoided at all costs. Canny adj Clever and careful, Worldly-wise Having been a member of some political party for over thirty years, Mr. Hewitt Gray had the reputation of a canny politician with a shrewd mind and great survival instincts.
Dominiques wife flouted all canons of respectable behavior. Also jargon, words or talk characteristic to a particular group or class. Cantankerous adj Quarrelsome, disposed to fight. The cantankerous old couple in that apartment keep fighting at the smallest pretext, quite in contrast with their neighbors who are the quietest people in the locality. Hence, to move at the speed of a canter The horse moved at a canter from some distance and suddenly broke into a fast gallop as it saw the smoke on the horizon. Roomy, spacious The suitcase was capacious enough to hold all my requirements for fifteen days; for anything beyond that, I needed a larger piece of luggage. Capitulate v Surrender on agreed terms, Accept defeat on conditions The harassed railway minister had no choice but to capitulate to the demand for his resignation after the third train accident of the year.
Captious adj Too ready to find fault, over-critical Upset at the captious and constantly complaining nature of his wife, he decided to consult a lawyer for a divorce. Also, the amount contained in such a bottle. The hostess called for another carafe of red wine. Carat n Measure of weight for precious stones, Measure of purity of gold A one-carat diamond weighs 0. Cardinal adj Fundamental, Most important Just as the athlete was well on his way to victory, he made the cardinal error of looking back, lost his balance, and fell. Careen v Move forward rapidly while making sudden movements from side to side. The driver tried hard to stop the bus but it careened out of control and skidded into a ditch.
Carnal adj Of the flesh, physical esp. Carp v Find fault, Complain continuously and unnecessarily While most people carp about getting junk mail on their computers, there are those who actually feel good about receiving it. Carrion n Dead and decaying flesh Near the top of the hill we were met with the blood-curdling sight of a large group of vultures feeding ravenously on the carrion of a deer. Carte blanche n Full discretionary power. Cartography n The science of making maps and charts Despite repeated attempts, cartographers have found it very difficult to depict this region on a map because of its difficult terrain and steep cliffs. Castigate v Punish with blows or words, Criticize severely The Sanders committee report submitted to the President severely castigates the commerce department for not paying adequate attention to the dumping of foreign goods into the local market.
Also, a place in a hospital where such a person is treated. The train met with an accident near the town, but thankfully, there were no casualties. Casuistry n False but clever use of arguments and reasoning His arguments appeared as nothing but clever casuistry at first, but slowly, we began to see the impeccable logic behind it. Cataclysm n A violent upheaval, disaster Not having any check on their expenditure and relying heavily on debt, many Latin American countries are on the brink of economic cataclysm. Any thing that causes changes to happen, without taking part in those changes. My meeting with an astrologer proved to be the catalyst and I put in my papers the subsequent day. Hence, to be pushed in such a way It was the movie Zanjeer that really catapulted the Indian actor Amitabh Bachchan to the top of the charts.
Cataract n 1 Large waterfall, Downpour of rain 2 Eye-complaint causing partial blindness 2 He showed the first symptoms of cataract about a year ago, and now he can barely see. Catastrophe n An unexpected, disastrous event that causes great suffering The fire accident at the cinema was a catastrophe waiting to happen; the theater owners had totally disregarded fire-safety norms in the construction of the building. Catechism n Book for religious instruction, Instruction by question and answer The teacher had developed a unique style of teaching by catechism, wherein she taught each lesson as a series of questions and answers.
Categorical adj Without exceptions, Unqualified, Absolute The industrialist has categorically denied that he had tried to bribe the government official in order to win the contract. Catenate v To connect in a series, like links of a chain The jeweler had so finely catenated the small gold beads into a chain that the joints were just not visible. Catharsis n Outlet to emotion provided by witnessing an event such as a musical show. Hence, any strong flow of feelings that provides a relief The comedy provided the perfect catharsis for all of us, after we had gone through a week of college examinations. Catholic adj Varied, Having a wide variety of likings, Including different types of a thing His taste in music is pretty catholic -- he enjoys the Beatles as much as he loves Bach.
Also, a group of important people that can influence policy decisions. Members of the Ku Klux Klan in Florida have planned a secret caucus. Causal adj Of the nature of cause and effect Sociologists all over the world have tried to establish a causal relationship between violence on the TV screen and violence in real life. Causative adj Acting as a cause, Leading to In most common diseases, the causative organism is the bacteria, though the more deadly diseases are caused by the virus. Also, words that are meant to intentionally hurt the feelings of a person I have always appreciated his gentle manners, so was totally taken aback by his caustic remarks.
As soon as they brought him to the dispensary, the doctor decided to cauterize the wound so that the infection would not spread. Cavalcade n Company of riders, Procession, Parade "The Presidents cavalcade consisted of sixteen horseriders, in addition to a fleet of fancy cars. Noggin caviled at almost everything that the decorators had done to adorn the ballroom for the party, asking them to redo most of the work. With amazing celerity, the prisoner jumped out of the open window and disappeared into the narrow alley. Of the three explicit scenes in the film, only one was considered integral to the plot and was partially censored; the other completely.
Censorious adj Fault-finding, Over-critical Even though he had great knowledge of his subject, he could never be a popular teacher because of his censorious nature -- he was critical of almost everything that his students did. Cerebral adj Pertaining to the brain. Also, intellectual The film was too cerebral for me; I could not understand most of it. Ceremonious adj Addicted or showing to ceremony. Also, extremely formal or polite. The soldiers were given a ceremonious welcome when they returned from the battlefields of west Asia. Hence, friendly joking. His friends chaffed at him at his inability to strike a conversation with the pretty girl who sat next to him on the bus.
Chalet n Cottage, small hut in a camp etc. The Millers own that chalet on the hill, and often come here in summers on a holiday. Chalice n A gold or silver ornamental cup, usu. Hence, someone who champions a cause Professor Clarke of the Cambridge University is among the strongest champions of constitutional reforms in the country today. Chaotic adj In utter disorder Though the idea of the business was good, his chaotic way of managing things ultimately led to its closure.
Charade n Something easily seen as false and untrue, hoax It was easy to see that his illness was just a charade -- he was perfectly all right and wanted to avoid going to the concert. Charisma n Divine Gift, Great popular charm "As a popular film actor, his charisma can help him win the elections, but whether hell be able to deliver the goods as the mayor is totally another matter. As soon as people in one locality would realize that the miracle doctor was a charlatan, he would quickly pack his bags and move to another area. Chaste adj Pure in taste or style. Also, moral I was impressed with the simplicity of the architecture of the monument, the walls had simple, elegant designs and a few chaste lines. Also to moderate, soften Used to riding his motorcycle at a great speed in the past, he is now considerably chastened after the accident he has had.
Chateau n A castle or large house in France The Silicon Valley tycoon has just bought a large chateau just outside Paris, where he plans to spend his vacations. Chattel n Movable property, personal property that is not a house or piece of land For the last fifteen years, Mr. Robinson has been living in a station wagon at the corner of 17th Avenue, with all his chattel and his faithful dog. Chauvinism n 1 Excessive,often unreasonable admiration for ones country 2 Unreasonable belief that the sex to which one belongs is better than the other. In a very chauvinistic remark,the actor said that he will always earn more than whoever he will marry. Checkered adj Marked by changes in fortune Hes had quite a checkered career, starting as a humble clerk and rising to the position of a general manager, quitting his job to start his own firm, now, after the failure of his venture, hes back to seeking a job.
Cherubic adj Angelic, Innocent-looking, Very pretty, esp. Chide v Scold, Complain angrily Even as the teacher chided him for not submitting his task on time, he did not show any signs of regret or repentance. Chivalrous adj Courteous, Honorable "There was hardly a woman at the ball who was not impressed by the Italians perfectly crafted features and his chivalrous manners. Chortle v A laugh of pleasure and satisfaction, Chuckle "I think the way he chortled at your suggestion was rather rude; I didnt see anything funny in your suggestion. Cinch n An easy or sure thing "With an impressive series of victories behind him this season, and his opponents weakness on clay courts, Sampras victory in the second round of the French Open was expected to be a cinch.
Circuitous adj Roundabout, Indirect I could never understand why he uses such circuitous language to convey something as simple as this -- I wonder if anybody can comprehend what he says. Circumvent v To avoid or defeat by going round something In his Independence Day speech, the Prime Minister totally circumvented the delicate issue of bilateral relations with our neighboring country, and spoke only of the achievements of his government. Cistern n Reservoir or water tank The overhead cistern which supplies water to the two apartments was choked, because of which we did not have any water yesterday. Citadel n 1 Fortress one guarding or dominating a city 2 Any secure place Seeing that he was in danger of being captured by the enemy forces, the king hurriedly retreated to his citadel on the hill.
Cite v To mention or quote, usu. Clairvoyance n Having the power to see mentally what is happening or exists out of sight. Acute perception, esp. Clandestine adj Done secretly In a clandestine operation that came to light only when the bank opened the following day, a daring group of robbers stole over million worth of cash and precious stones. Claque n Hired group of applauders During his election campaign, the politician took with him a claque of supporters, whose only job was to applaud his statements at every speech that he made.
Cleft n A crack, split or fissure "However hard they are trying to behave normally as if nothing has happened, the cleft in their friendship since last Sundays incident is unmistakable. Climatic adj Relating to the climate The progress of this region has been hampered because of very harsh climactic conditions -- the average temperature in this area is over 40 degree Celsius. Clique n A small and exclusive coterie of persons, group of persons united by common interest Though the four industrialists were fierce competitors of each other, they were also the members of an exclusive clique that helped anti-government activists.
Clod n A lump or mass, esp. Also clumsy, stupid, awkward person He buried the treasure in a remote corner of the field and marked the spot with a harmless-looking clod of mud. Cloy v To satisfy or fill to excess to the extent of disgust or boredom By the time the waiters brought in the dessert, I had eaten so much that I was absolutely cloyed. Coda n A short, independent musical passage that ends a bigger piece of music The master musician ended the concert with a beautiful coda in C-minor, which he dedicated to the memory of Beethoven. Coddle v To pamper, Treat protectively, or as a child Mrs.
Robinson, the rich lady next door, coddles her little puppy as if it were her own child, feeding it with the choicest of cookies and keeping it in a specially designed kennel. Codify v Arrange as a code, Classify The message was received in a codified format, and it took the secret service nearly a week to completely decipher it. Coerce v To make someone do something by force She had to coerce her little daughter to swallow the bitter medicine. Cognitive adj Having to do with knowing or receiving, Related to the mental processes The accident has severely impaired his cognitive abilities -- there are times when he is not even able to recognize his own brother. Cognizant adj Being aware of or having knowledge of something The court was shocked to discover that the key witness had been cognizant about the identity of the culprit throughout the proceedings of the case, despite taking an oath in court.
Cohesion n Sticking together, Tendency to remain united According to the experts, the main reason for the remarkable performance of the Australian cricket team in recent times is its cohesion as a team at all times. Collaborate v Work together, Cooperate The film has been made as an Indo-American collaboration; while the producer and most of the cast is Indian, the technical crew is almost entirely American.
Collage n Work of art put together from fragments The landscape of the area presented a beautiful collage of various geographical features -- green hills, a river flowing across, a waterfall and also a patch of dry, rocky land. Collate v 1 Compare in detail 2 Collect and arrange systematically 1 The professor collated the results of the research of the two teams who had worked on very similar projects, and was surprised to find that the findings were totally different.
Collateral n 1 Property pledged against a debt 2 Additional, but with less importance 1 In order to get a loan for paying your tuition fees, you will need to provide a collateral worth at least twice the amount of loan to the bank. Colloquial adj Language in ordinary, informal usage. Not used in formal language Many expressions in English which have only been used colloquially so far, are now being accepted as a part of the formal English language.
Colossal adj Gigantic, Huge "The losses suffered by the company over the last several years have accumulated to a colossal figure of over ten million dollars; theres no way that the economic fortune of the company can be revived. Comely adj Having a pleasing appearance, attractive Ever since the comely young girl has moved into the neighborhood, said the lady to her husband, our son has been behaving in a rather funny fashion. Comestibles n Things to eat Not knowing where their next meal was going to come from, the poor, malnourished children were intently gathering comestibles from the trash dumped by the garbage van. Commemorate v To honor a memory through a ceremony Indians commemorate Mahatma Gandhi by observing a two-minute silence on January 30, the day the Father of the Nation was assassinated.
Commensurate adj Equal in size or quality, Equivalent, Proportionate Within a few days, she started feeling that her salary was not commensurate with the amount of work she was being asked to do, and started looking for a better-paying job. Commiserate v To feel or express sorrow or compassion, to condole with The Prime Minister has said that he commiserates with those who have lost their dear ones in the explosion, and affirmed that the terrorists behind the dreadful act will not be spared.
Commodious adj Spacious, Having plenty of space For its small size, the newly launched car is quite commodious -- I never thought we all could fit into it so comfortably. Compatible adj Able to exist together, harmonious Though they had known each other for over a year, it was only after they got married that they realized that their ideas were just not compatible with each other. Compendious adj Giving much information concisely "This CD-ROM is a compendious source of information on the history of American music -- I dont think such exhaustive information on this subject is available elsewhere from a single source.
Complacent adj Pleased with oneself, smug Winning the earlier rounds with ease had made him quite complacent, which proved to be the major reason for his loss in the semi-finals. Comport v Behave oneself in a stated way "She comported herself with great dignity at her husbands funeral. Also, to provide a right, allow With great reluctance, the manager conceded that he had been wrong in assuming that the customer would make the payment in time. Conceit n Too high a notion of oneself "She is so full of conceit that she regards everybody elses opinion as incorrect, and thinks that only she is right.
Conception n A general idea or understanding. Also, the act of forming such idea Even after being duped by him, she still believes in her conception that people are basically good. Concerted adj Done together, Planned or executed in agreement. Also, determined In a concerted effort, various social organizations have collected a huge sum of money for the welfare of the people rendered homeless in the earthquake that hit western India in ear Concierge n A person who looks after the entrance to a block of flats or a hotel As per my usual routine, I locked my apartment, came down the stairs, handed the apartment key to the concierge, and left for my work.
Conciliate v To win the trust of someone, Remove disfavor or anger He tried hard to win back her favor, but all his attempts at conciliation were snubbed by her. Concoct v 1 Make up of mixed ingredients 2 To invent so as to deceive 1 He quickly mixed a few liquids and came up with a purple-colored concoction, which I did not have the heart to drink. Concord n Agreement, Harmony between persons or things The enthusiasm shown by the dignitaries of the two warring nations could be the first step towards reaching a concord on their prolonged dispute. Condescend v To consent to do something less dignified or fitting than usual "We know youve just got a promotion and are now our boss, but will you please condescend to join us for lunch?
Condole v To express sympathy to someone who has experienced great misfortune or sorrow "Even though they had fought bitterly just two weeks earlier, Harry was among the first ones to come to Sally to offer his condolences at her fathers demise. Conducive adj Likely to yield the desired result, Helping to make something happen The lawlessness and backwardness that prevails in this state is just not conducive to economic development. Also, any passage or channel through which something flows The investigation revealed that the perpetrators used innocent people as conduits to pass on fake currency notes into the country. Confabulate v To talk privately "Ive observed that hes been having a series of confabulations with Ricardo lately; wonder whats brewing between them?
Confine v To keep within limits, Restrict The disease is now no longer confined to the poor, ignorant people; it has been reported even in the upper class society. Confiscate v Seize with authority The police has confiscated his passport to prevent him from leaving the country. Conflagration n Great and destructive fire. Also, any sudden, violent event that involves a large number of people It is feared that these minor incidents of skirmishes on the border might escalate into a major conflagration, if immediate action is not taken. Confluence n The place where two rivers flow together and become one larger river The Kumbh Mela is a major religious event in India, happening once every twelve years, at the confluence of the Ganga and the Yamuna, the two holiest rivers in India.
Conform v To obey or act in accordance with established rules "In an age when Indian women were expected to blindly conform to their husbands wishes, she took the audacious step of having an affair outside her marriage. Confute v To prove to be wrong The latest findings in the field of human genetics had effectively confuted the theory that racism stems from genetic differences between human beings. Congeal v To change from a fluid to a solid, harden Due to the sudden fall in temperature, the molten liquid began to congeal and form round yellow spots all over the surface of the white sheet. Congenital adj Existing from birth usu. Congruent adj Having the same shape and size as another or each other The exteriors of the two adjacent buildings have such congruent designs that I always get confused and enter the wrong one.
Conifer n Cone-bearing plant Coniferous trees on the hills have narrow, pointed leaves called needles so that the snow which falls on them can easily slip off. Also, to create in the mind As soon as he came on to the stage, the magician conjured up a packet of toffees from his hat, and threw the toffees at the children to their utter delight. My visit to Connive v To work together for some illegal or fraudulent purpose The policeman asserted with authority that the robbery could only have been committed with the connivance of an employee of the art gallery who was familiar with the layout of the gallery.
Connoisseur n An expert on a subject, such as art or music, A person having deep knowledge on a particular subject "Im no connoisseur of wines, but I know a good one when I taste one. Conscientious adj 1 Showing great seriousness of purpose 2 Scrupulous, Obedient to conscience 1 I took a conscientious decision to visit my ailing grand uncle at least once a week, knowing that he had no children who could take care of him.
Consecrate v 1 To dedicate to sacred or religious use 2 To devote to a specific cause She consecrated her whole life to the service of the poor and the destitute. Consequential adj Important, Significant The committee took nearly two months to prepare its report on the next step in economic reforms, but nothing consequential has emerged from it. Consolidate v Combine into one whole, Unify. Also, strengthen Conventional business logic says that before a company can embark on a growth path, it should concentrate on consolidating its area of operations.
Consonance n Agreement, Harmony "The father and son duo run their garments business in absolute consonance; theres hardly ever a disagreement between them. Conspicuous adj Clearly visible, Striking to the eye, Remarkable Her extraordinary height made her the most conspicuous person in the room. Conspiracy n Treacherous plot, Combination for unlawful purpose He was aghast to read the file, which revealed that there was a conspiracy against him to keep him out of the committee. Hence, being such a part The basic constituents of this mixture are ethyl alcohol and mint oil; the other ingredients are present in very small quantities.
Constraint n "Anything that limits or restricts ones freedom of action" Because of the severe financial constraints on the company, the management decided to impose cost-cutting measures for everyone concerned. Construe v To explain or interpret in a particular way He construed her blank stare as boredom and stopped telling her about his new bike. Contagion n 1 Communication of disease from body to body 2 Any harmful influence that spreads from person to person 1 Thinking that the disease may be contagious, she decided not to attend her classes till she was cured. Contaminate v Pollute, Infect The residents of the colony have complained to the civic authorities about the contaminated water supply, because of which several children in the colony have been taken ill.
Contemporary adj Belonging to the present time, Modern. Also, co-existent with someone Although written hundreds of years ago, the Bhagwad Gita, an Indian religious epic, has a message that is very relevant in the contemporary world. Contempt n Utter lack of respect, Feeling that something or someone is completely worthless or unimportant Her rude and authoritative nature was visible even as she was a child -- she used to treat her governess and other maid servants with utter contempt and d Contend v 1 To struggle or compete against difficulties 2 To claim or state strongly 1 As if driving on the hills by night was not enough, the driver had to contend against heavy rains and stormy conditions. Contiguous adj Touching or adjoining Our school building was contiguous to the cinema theater, so there were several cases of high school students absconding from classes to catch the latest Hollywood offering.
Contort v To twist or distort out of shape The way gymnasts can contort their bodies with such ease sometimes makes me wonder whether their skeletal structure is the same as that of a normal human being. Contraband adj Smuggled, illegal goods The police caught him red handed as he was trying to smuggle contraband currency into the country. Contraption n An awkward or old fashioned machine or device, esp. Contretemps n Unfortunate or embarrassing occurrence "I had a slight contretemps with my neighbor over the height of our fence, but were now back to friendly terms. Contusion n Bruise, Injure by blow without breaking skin My motorcycle skidded into a ditch on the highway, and I suffered a large contusion on my right shoulder. Conundrum n Riddle, Any confusing situation "The interpretation of dreams remains a conundrum for psychoanalysts -- despite all the research that has gone into it, theres no acceptable model which can explain the phenomenon of dreams.
Also, to call for such an assembly The meeting has apparently been convened to declare the best performers for the year, but I suspect that the principal intends to make other important anncements. Convention n 1 Formal assembly 2 Social or moral custom, Established practice " 1 The International Astronomers convention will be held at the planetarium on Saturday, 24 February. Conversant adj Well acquainted "I am not really conversant with the rules and regulations of this club, so Im depending on you to explain them to me. Convert n Person converted to religious faith or life He was born a Hindu but became a convert to Buddhism at the age of twenty-two. Convex adj Curving outward The normal magnifying glass is just a convex lens which makes an object looks larger than its actual size if viewed from a close distance.
Cordial adj Gracious, Warm and friendly The two families had perfectly cordial relations till about five years ago, but since then they have been involved in a property dispute which has made them bitter enemies. Cordon n Projecting course of stone in wall, Chain of military posts, Continuous circle of persons The assailant had almost managed to get past his cordon of security guards, when his cellular phone rang and gave him away. Cornucopia n Horn overflowing with fruit and grain, A symbol of abundance Having laid out a cornucopia of almost every kind of dish that the guests could possibly want, the hostess was very pleased with herself. Corollary n Something that naturally follows from something else History has shown that violence is a natural corollary of a revolutionary change in the society.
Corporal adj Of the human body, Physical The principal had strictly warned the teachers against any kind of corporal punishment, yet Mr. Francis beat up the boy rather mercilessly with a wooden ruler. Corporeal adj Tangible, Of or for the human body His stint in the army had taught his to live with a minimum of corporeal needs -- physical luxuries and comforts meant little to him. Corrugated adj Wrinkled, Formed of wavelike folds A corrugated sheet of asbestos will not only prove stronger in the long run, it will also help water to drain through its grooves more easily. Cortege n A group of attendants at a funeral.
Also any procession An endless array of cars formed a part of the cortege at his funeral, in addition to the many people who were walking in silence. Also, extremely large Some people believe that what happens in their lives is influenced by great cosmic forces, over which they have no control. Cosmopolitan adj 1 Consisting of people from various parts of the world 2 Broad-minded, showing wide experience of different people and places 1 Mumbai, the largest commercial center of India, is a cosmopolitan city where people from all parts of India have s Coterie n Set of persons associated by exclusive, shared interests The President has himself inducted Sarah into the exclusive coterie of Senators who are supposed to be the eyes and ears of the President.
Coterminous adj Having a common boundary US and Canada are coterminous countries, and many immigrants have used this to their advantage by illegally crossing the border to the US. Countenance v To give sanction or approval to The Speaker of the Parliament has given a stern warning to all the members that he will no longer countenance such absenteeism from Parliamentary proceedings. Countenance n Expression of the face I could see from her dismayed countenance that she was quite upset about not accompanying his husband on the tour. Countervailing adj Acting with an opposite effect It was the first time in eight years that someone had tried to take countervailing action against the dictatorial impositions of the committee secretary.
Coup n Violent or illegal change in government, Highly successful action or sudden attack In what is being seen as a diplomatic coup, the finance ministers of the two countries have agreed to sign on an agreement involving the sale of armaments. Coup d etat n A political coup leading to a sudden overthrow of a government by force and violence "The coup detat took the monarch totally by surprise, as his own guards suddenly aimed their guns at him and the army general took charge of the kingdom. Courtly adj Dignified and polite Her courtly manners and pleasant way of speaking soon made her a very popular figure in the classroom. Couture n Designing high quality fashionable clothes "In , Pierre Cardin became the first couturier to design mens clothes; before that, all designers concentrated on womens clothing.
Crass adj Very unrefined, Grossly insensible Though he was sincerely apologetic for his crass behavior at the party, she was not willing to forgive him saying that it was not the first time he had talked so rudely to her. Credence n Belief, Acceptance as true Saying that he could not give credence to my val complaint, the magistrate asked me to officially register the complaint on a signed letter-head. Credibility n The quality of deserving belief and trust Ever since we came to know about his achievements in the difficult markets of eastern Africa, his credibility among the company workers has increased tremendously.
Crescendo n Increase in the volume or intensity in a musical passage, Climax "In the last few weeks, criticism against the Womens Bill has reached a crescendo and only a formal statement by the Prime Minister can help to curb it. Crevasse n A deep, open crack, esp. Crevice n A narrow crack or opening, esp. Cringe v 1 To bend in fear 2 To behave without self-respect in front of someone in a superior politician 1 The little dog knows that its owner is angry with it and cringes in fear in a corner. Croesus n A very rich person With the enormous amount of wealth that he has acquired through his trading operations, the magazine has rightly described him as a croesus.
Crotchety adj Bad tempered Old Mr. Wilson turned crotchety at the very sight of Dennis, though the mischievous little boy was only too eager to spend time with him. Crusty adj Having a harsh, rough exterior or a curt, rough manner The journalist was rather disappointed at the crusty attitude of the socialite; he had expected to get an exciting interview with her but she answered all his questions in monosyllables. Crux n Crucial point "The panel of economists have unanimously concluded that the crux of the problem for India is its vast population, because of which the countrys resources are always under constraint.
All the employees in the company are assigned to an independent cubicle, equipped with a computer and a telephone. Cuisine n Style of cooking I could never adjust my taste buds to French cuisine, though I believe that some of the dishes are considered absolute delicacies. Cul-de-sac n A blind alley, a passage or place with only one outlet The police hunt for the absconding criminal in the streets of Rome ended in a cul-de-sac; it was reported that he was seen in a bar in Germany.
Culinary adj Relating to cooking Though I cannot boast about my culinary skills, I can definitely cook a decent meal for both of us. Cull v To choose or collect from a larger pool He managed to cull all the information he needed from the Internet, and put together a report in just three hours. Culpable adj Deserving blame for a wrongdoing Holding the CEO of the company culpable for all that had happened, the judge ruled that the ultimate responsibility for all the operations of the company rested with him. Culvert n Artificial channel for water The civic authorities have planned a comprehensive system of underground culverts in the city so as to improve its drainage system.
Cumbersome adj Heavy, Clumsy, Unwieldy The task appeared quite cumbersome to begin with, but once we got down to doing it. It was completed with relative ease. Cumulative adj Growing by addition The cumulative effect of using all these pesticides and fertilizers could be disastrous for the soil. Cunctation n Delay The winning team in the football match tried a lot of cunctative tactics towards the end of the game as it was leading by a solitary goal, but the rival team managed to score the equalizing goal. Curmudgeon n An ill-tempered, irritable person; esp.
Cygnet n A young swan The beautiful cygnet ruffled its white feathers in the water. Cynic n A person who distrusts human motives and intentions at all times A series of bitter experiences with those whom he thought were his friends had turned him into a hard-boiled cynic; he was not ready to trust any individual. Dabble v 1 Splash, Wet oneself 2 Work in a non-serious manner 1 The little girls playfully dabbled their feet in the fast flowing river. Silly, foolish It was a rather daft of him to drive at such high speed in wet weather; his stupidity could have cost him his life.
Dainty adj. Dally v 1 To consider, but not very seriously 2 Delay, Be slow or waste time "Dont dally over the question you cannot solve, just move on to the next question. Unpleasantly wet and cold As we moved further down the cave, the atmosphere became cooler and more dank, suggesting that a source of water was not far away. Neat, Smart in appearance or movement Dressed up for his first interview, Jasper looked trim and dapper in his new suit and his Dastardly adj.
Cowardly and bullying In the most dastardly act of cruelty, the terrorist group blindly fired on the wedding party, not sparing even the infants. Daunt v To discourage, intimidate or frighten Though he has appeared twice for the GRE, getting a low score both the times, he is not daunted and is preparing to take the exam for the third time. Dauntless adj. Persevering, Bold Exhausted in the battle which had now continued for over three months, the valiant soldiers went on fighting dauntlessly till the two nations decided to call a truce. By right, legal Rightfully During the political turmoil in the country after the coup, the army general called the shots and ran the government, but the Prime Minister remained the de jure head of state.
The negotiations between the disputing parties reached a deadlock when neither was willin Deadpan n Expressionless face He had the remarkable ability to narrate the funniest of incidents with the most deadpan expression on his face. Dearth n Scanty supply of something Though there was no dearth of milk in his house, he refused to give the crying child even a drop of it.
Debauched adj. Morally and physically ruined because of over indulgence in alcohol, sex, drugs, etc. While the elder son of the family had left all worldly possessions for spiritual enlightenment, the younger son had fallen into bad company and had been debauche Debilitate v Enfeeble, to weaken She never really recovered from the shock of the death of her husband, and gradually debilitated into a poor shadow of her former robust self. Friendly, Pleasant, Unembarrassed All the nurses in the hospital wanted to be in the same shift as the debonair young doctor who had just joined the hospital, had charmed the ladies with his stylish ways and attractive looks.
Debutante n Woman performer performing before public for first time For a debutante, her dance performance was amazingly graceful; it was difficult to believe that it was the first time she was performing for an audience. Decadence n A process or period of falling, decay, degeneration While the other states in the country are on the path to prosperity, this one particular state is moving in the opposite direction and is becoming decadent in all respects. Decelerate v Make slower The doctor said that his hectic pace of life was the main reason for the stress he was facing, and advised him to decelerate and take things easier. Deciduous adj. Falling off as of leaves, Shed leaves periodically or normally The park was lined by series of deciduous trees, and it being autumn, there were hardly any leaves on them.
Decimate v To destroy or kill a large proportion of If this cholera epidemic is not contained within the next few days, it can decimate the entire population of all these adjoining villages. Decomposition n Decay When the corpse was found by the police, decomposition had just begun to set in and the detective could establish the time of the murder. Decorous adj. Polite and well-behaved, proper and correct in a restrained or formal way "He is a picture of decorousness and obedience in front of his parents, but otherwise, he is one of the most ill-mannered child Ive ever seen.
Worn out by age, Enfeebled with age, Wasted I found the former football coach in a rather decrepit condition, living all by himself in a small house and wearing shabby clothes. Derived by reasoning "From the facts youve given to me, it is not deducible whether this investment is worthwhile; I will need more information. Defection n Desertion, Falling away from allegiance to party or duty In order to curb the unhealthy political practice of people frequently leaving one political party to join another, the government is planning to implement an anti-defection law. Defer v 1 Give in respectfully, Submit 2 Put off, Postpone, Delay till later, Exempt temporarily 2 The board meeting has been deferred till next Tuesday as the chairman is not well.
Deference n "Compliance with advice, Courteous regard for anothers wish" In deference to Indian custom, they had to take off their shoes before entering the temple. Final, Complete Though I do not have a definitive solution to your problem, I think you can go through this document as it provides a temporary means of support. Fearing that the disease that had struck a part of his crop might spread to the entire field, the farmer decided to defoliate a large part of his crop. Defray v Pay the costs or expenses The company agreed to defray all the expenses that I had incurred on the project, including the air fare.
Deft adj. Neat, Skillful Under the deft management of Mr. Steinwood, our company has registered a growth in sales of over 30 Defunct adj. Dead, No longer in use or existence Since we purchased this new washing machine which has a built in drier, our old machine has been lying defunct in the attic. Degenerate adj. Degradation n Debasement, Bringing into dishonor or contempt, Degeneration With a sustained and concerted effort at planting trees and preserving forests, the government of this country has effectively managed to stem the environmental degradation of the last twen Dehydrate v Remove water from, Dry out, Lose water After walking in the sun for nearly an hour, I was feeling quite dehydrated and was desperately looking for water to drink.
Deify v Turn into a god, Idolize, Regard as a god In South India, film actors are deified to such an extent that one actress even has a temple exclusively devoted to her. Deign v Condescend, Think fit, Stoop "Theres no way he could have deleted the files deliberately -- I know he would not deign to such low levels. Delightful, Delicious For her most delectable performance in this unusual film about a mother and her spastic daughter, Florina Campbell, playing the daughter, has been nominated for an Oscar in the Best Actress category.
Deleterious adj. Harmful Had I been aware of the deleterious effects of this medicine on the nervous system, I would never have recommended it to you. Bowler has asked me to deliberate over the proposal for a few days before giving a definitive answer. Delirium n Mental disorder marked by confusion, Great excitement Because of the high fever, he has now been in a state of delirium for quite some time, mumbling incoherently even when he is asleep.
Deliverance n Release or rescue Each year, hundreds of people gather in this church on Good Friday to pray to the Lord for deliverance from their sins. Delude v Mislead, fool, dupe, gull The thieves deluded the old woman into thinking that they had been sent by the telephone department to set right the faulty line. Delve v Dig, Investigate "I had told you that delving into his past would be futile; hes got a very clean record behind him. Demented adj. Insane, driven mad She is so secretive that trying to get anything out of her can make any normal person demented. Demolition n Destruction The government has ordered to demolish all the unauthorized buildings and shops in the area.
Grave, Serious, Coy "As a child she used to be very quiet and shy; I clearly remember her sitting demurely in her mothers lap each time I saw her in the church. Also, an alien admitted to the rights of citizenship, a naturalized citizen Rupert is among the longest-serving denizens in this organization; he has been around for ever since I can remember. Denouement n Outcome, Final development of the plot of a play In a most unexpected Denouement to the political drama that had continued for nearly two weeks, the leader of an insignificant political party was elected the Chief Minister, thanks to some last-moment Dence v Condemn, Criticize "The governments decision to raise the income tax by as much as 10 Depict v Portray, Present in drawing or colors M.
Husain, the noted Indian painter, has depicted an Indian film actress as an Indian goddess in a series of his paintings. Deplete v Reduce, Exhaust, Empty out He has depleted all the money that he had borrowed from me, and is now back again asking for more. Deplore v Regret, Disapprove of, grieve over "Even though she deplored her husbands decision to quit his job and shift to farming, she had no choice but to accept it. Deportation n Official removal of a person from a country According to the laws of this country, a foreigner who has sought asylum in the country cannot be deported to his country till his case has been decided, which can take upto a year. Deportment n The way a person behaves, esp. Deposition n A written testimony given under oath, a sworn statement.
His deposition provided to the court clearly stated that his company had never conducted any overseas business, even though the records seized from the company premises reveal a different story Depravity n Extreme corruption, Wickedness, Moral perversion In an act of utter depravity, he betrayed his brother at the hands of the criminal for a sum of ant: Goodness Deprecate v Express disapproval of, Protest against The teacher gave the boys a deprecating glance and told them to be quiet. Depreciate v Lessen in value Over the last fifteen months, the value of the Canadian dollar has depreciated by nearly 20 Depredation n Despoiling, Plundering "These so called guardians of Indian culture have described the celebration of Valentines Day as a depredation of the Indian soul, saying that such events can only spoil the ancient Indian culture.
Derelict adj. Deride v To make fun of, to treat scornfully, scoff at Everyone present at the gathering derided him for his stupid comments; some even went to the extent of saying that he had lost his mental balance. An very small amount, not worth consideration They are paid a derisory amount for all the hard work they do; but because of their inability to do anything else, they have not choice but to continue. Dermatologist n One who studies the skin and its diseases Since the blisters on his left hand had begun to itch badly, he finally decided to consult a dermatologist. Derogate v To detract, Take away a part from a whole Seeing that I was over-burdened, my boss decided to derogate some of the work he had initially assigned to me and did it himself.
Desperado n A desperate criminal or law breaker Knowing that there were not too many places to hide, the desperado forcibly entered an apartment, took its inmates captive, and threatened to kill them if he was hunted by the police. Despise v Look on with scorn, Regard as worthless or distasteful I really despise the way he blindly goes after money; I can never think of being so materialistic. Despoil v Plunder, Deprive of all possessions The Huns repeatedly attacked India from the north-west side, despoiling the towns, looting the wealth and spreading death and destruction all over.
Depressed, Gloomy Why are you looking so despondent? Cheer up! Despot n A Harsh and absolute ruler, Tyrant As opposed to his predecessor who was a cruel despot, the new king was kind and concerned about the welfare of his people. Destitute adj. Extremely poor, Without resources The heavy losses he incurred on the share market as well as in his own business left him destitute and impoverished; he had no option but to plead before his elder brother for a loan.
Going from one subject to another aimlessly, Disconnected I went to him hoping to get a lot of knowledge on the subject of his specialization; however, he disappointed me by just making a desultory conversation of hardly any relevance. Deterrent adj. Detonate v To cause to explode The police are not ready to accept the theory that the bomb was detonated from a distant location by a remote device. Detract v To take away, To make something less valuable or less deserving of admiration She is so naturally beautiful that the heavy make-up only detracts from her beauty. Detrimental adj. Harmful, Damaging That smoking is harmful is a well known fact, what is not so well known that it is detrimental even to the life of the unborn child or the fetus.
Deviate v Turn away from, Depart, Diverge The residents of this hostel are expected to strictly adhere to the routine laid out for them, and not deviate from it in any respect. Devious adj. Roundabout, Erratic, Not straightforward When a straightforward interrogation did not help, he resorted to all sorts of devious means, including blackmail, to get out the truth from her. Devoid adj. Lacking, Destitute What makes her acting look so good is that it is completely devoid of any theatricality and her expressions are completely natural. Devotee n Enthusiastic follower Devotees of Lord Ganesha, the Indian God, gather on the banks of this river in July every year and celebrate the festival with great religious fervor.
Devout adj. Religious, Pious Being a devout Muslim, he makes it a point to offer his prayers five times a day despite his busy schedule. Deft, Neat-handed, Mentally adroit, Skillful With a few dexterous strokes of his paintbrush, the master artist, performing as if he were a magician, transformed the sickly looking figure on the canvas into an imperious prince. Diabolical adj. Devilish, Atrociously cruel or wicked The boy could no longer tolerate the diabolical treatment meted out to him by his master, and ran away. Transparent, So delicate and thin that light can pass through it I caught a glimpse of the girl through her diaphanous veil, and what I saw was a picture of exquisite beauty.
Diatribe n Violent val attack, Denunciation "As expected, the opposition leader launched a diatribe against the governments finance policies almost as soon as he started his speech. Dictum n Authoritative and weighty statement, Formal saying Just Do It, apart from being a popular commercial slogan, is also very much an American dictum, which has influenced a large number of young people over the years. Meant to instruct, Having the manner of a teacher In many schools, traditional didactic teaching has been replaced by an approach which allows children to discover things for themselves. Diffidence n Shyness, Excessively modest At first, she was extremely diffident about teaching a class of college students, but gained confidence almost as soon as she started her class.
Digression n Wandering away from the subject, Depart from the main subject temporarily in speech or writing I did not like her way of teaching because her lecture had too many digressions; she kept on wandering to various subjects, most of them not relevant to th Dilapidated adj. Dilate v Expand, Widen, Enlarge, Make or become wider The pupils of the eye become small as soon as light falls on them, whereas darkness makes them dilate. Delaying, Tending to slow down action The heavy lunch had a dilatory effect on my pace of work, and I could not complete the task by the evening as I had planned. Dilettante n Person who dabbles in a subject for pleasure, An amateur Twenty year ago, she had started off as a dilettante, occasionally playing the violin at informal gatherings; today she is among the most acknowledged exponents of the instrument.
Make less concentrated, Reduce in strength by adding water or other solvent; Weakened The company took a series of measures, including an anncement on television, to dilute the public fears about the safety of its new drug. Diminutive adj. Dinghy n Small boat They cast anchor about a mile from the shore and reached the mainland on a dinghy. Dingy adj. Dark and dirty "The lawyers chamber was a small, dingy room, poorly ventilated, with books and legal documents occupying most of its space. The museum in Paris has a spectacular diorama of the storming of the Bastille prison.
Dire adj. Dreadful, Calamitous The rogue threatened the family of dire consequences if they reported the kidnapping to the police. Dirge n A song or a poem of grief or of lamentation for the dead. As soon as the hospital authorities formally annced the passing away of the head of state, the television and radio stations in the country started playing a mournful dirge. Discontented, Disloyal The management of the company has blamed the slowdown in production on disaffected workers, stating that it has taken steps to please the workers as far as possible, but the union leaders are not being sensible in their dema Disapprobation n Disapproval, Condemnation The Chief Minister has expressed his strong disapprobation at the misutilization of the funds at the village level.
Discernible adj. Distinguishable, Perceivable There is no discernible difference between these two paintings, and had you not told me, I could never have made out which one was the fake. Disclaim v Disown, Rence legal claim to The management has disclaimed all responsibility for the accident in the factory, saying that the worker who was injured had come to the factory in an intoxicated state. Disclose v Make known Unlike any other murder mystery, the identity of the killer is disclosed right at the beginning in this book, yet it makes for engrossing reading because of the way the detective goes about unraveling the motive and the method of the murde Discomfit v To make someone feel uncomfortable or embarrassed She was discomfited by the presence of several tough looking men in the compartment, but managed to keep a brave front.
Disconcert v Confuse, Upset, Derange, Spoil It was rather disconcerting to realize that the supposedly brand new refrigerator I had purchased had previously been used by someone. Disconsolate adj. Sad, Disappointed, Forlorn, Inconsolable She was rather disconsolate at having lost such a wonderful opportunity to win the award, and everyone gathered around her trying to console her saying that she will surely get another chance. Also, any formal discussion. Many TV channels telecast a religious discourse in the morning, in which a religious spokesperson speaks about the benefits of spiritual pursuit. Discreet adj. Tactful in dealing with others. Also, done quietly, without coming in notice of others "Someone discreetly passed a note into my hand as I was reading my speech; I dont think anyone in the crowd would have noticed.
Discrete adj. Separate, Individually distinct The veteran industrialist divided his company into three discrete divisions, which would be independently handled by each of his three sons. Discriminating adj. Able to observe fine points or differences Indian marketers have now learnt that the consumers have become very discriminating, and a poor quality product will not sell however well it has been marketed. Discursive adj. Rambling, not keeping to the main subjects, wandering from the main point "That was among the most discursive lectures Ive ever heard; he spoke on everything except the topic he was supposed to speak on. Disembark v Go ashore, Unload cargo from a ship The captain of the ship requested all the passengers to wait for his signal before beginning to disembark from the ship.
Disenfranchise v Deprive of a civil right The Parliament is considering the passing of a law that will disenfranchise all those who have a proven criminal record, making them illegible to vote in the elections. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered. We have writers with varied training and work experience. But what they have in common is their high level of language skills and academic writing skills. We understand that you expect our writers and editors to do the job no matter how difficult they are. That's why we take the recruitment process seriously to have a team of the best writers we can find.
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