⌛ Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God
In her marriage to Logan Killicks, Janie feels Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God, since she was never in love; with Jody Starks, she feels stifled, silenced, and unappreciated. She encourages Janie to leave him and Three Characters Narrated In Mary Shelleys Frankenstein a relationship with her brother, who proudly criticized Booker T. Yo' papa and yo' mama and nobody else can't tell yuh and show yuh. Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God, this also causes Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God to want to break out, Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God Argumentative Essay On Disabled People Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God assumptions. When Janie marries Why Fracking Is Controversial? Cake, we Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God how language affects the way Janie Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God to feel about herself. Nobody else on earth kin hold uh candle tuh you, baby. The storm worsens.
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Annie, a wealthy older woman, has romances with younger men, whom she treated well. One of these men, Who Flung, convinced her to sell her home and move to Tampa, and he then proceeded to exploit her and take her money. He never married her, and Annie later had to be taken care of by her daughter. Janie does not want to experience what Annie Tyler did.
Tea Cake returns and explains what happened. He explains that he saw the money as he was dressing, and he took it to buy fish. On his way to buy fish, he saw a man he knew, who invited him to join a feast. Tea Cake agreed, and bought fish for it. The party was full of people, and Tea Cake got in a fight. Janie says she will kill him if he ever does something like that again. Tea Cake agrees to gain back her money by gambling. He prepares and Janie prays.
He wins the money back, but is beaten up afterward. Janie cries, learning that he won several hundred dollars. She then reveals the truth about her finances, and Tea Cake says he will take care of her financially. Tea Cake stresses the importance of planting early and being ready when it is time to pick the crop. Others wanting to make money from crop-picking continue to come there, including Native Americans. Tea Cake wants to go hunting and teaches Janie how to shoot; she proves to be a skilled shooter, better even than Tea Cake. People are surprised when she helps out with the work in the field, considering her wealth and status.
Tea Cake himself does not want Janie to feel pressured to do that work, and she assures him she wants to do it. Their new home has a lively atmosphere, with people working by day and having a good time at night. People gather there, with Tea Cake playing the guitar and Janie cooking the food, sometimes that she has hunted herself. Their home is a social center, with gambling, music, and storytelling. Janie begins to feel jealous. She suspects a woman named Nunkie of desiring Tea Cake, as this woman has been affectionate with him over a period of several weeks, and Tea Cake does not seem to ignore her attention.
Others notice their interaction as well. One day, Janie discovers Tea Cake and Nunkie together in a sugarcane field, and she demands to know what they are doing. He claims she had his work tickets which can be transferred into money from the pocket of his shirt, and he needed to go retrieve them. Janie tries to grab Nunkie, but the woman runs away. Janie returns home. They later get in a fight, and Janie accuses Tea Cake of infidelity, but he denies having any feelings for Nunkie. The planting and picking period ends, but Janie and Tea Cake remain in the area. Janie becomes acquainted with a woman named Mrs. Turner, who has a light complexion and Caucasian-like features. She is quite pleased with her physique, although Tea Cake ridicules her for it, and thus Mrs.
Turner despises him in kind. The two have a disagreement over the contributions made by Booker T. Washington when Mrs. Turner suggests he was unimportant to black society. Turner says the problem with blacks is their appearance, including their outward behavior and their skin color, and she resents being grouped with them since she looks different. Janie does not know how to respond, but eventually says the issue of skin color does not really concern her. Turner wonders how Janie can stand all the blacks spending so much time at her home, and she expresses surprise when Janie tells her that Tea Cake does not have much money. Janie says that Tea Cake makes her happy. Turner points out that she is very different from Janie.
In response to Mrs. Another man suggests confronting Mr. Turner, or assaulting Mrs. They agree that Mrs. The men buy alcohol and get drunk, and go to Mrs. A fight breaks out between two of the men in the restaurant, which leads to a bigger fight among people in the restaurant. After the fight, Mrs. Janie notices a good deal of movement and is informed that a hurricane is coming. At night, the animals stir and make noise; some people become scared and leave, though many stay. The man says he will regret this. As the weather worsens, they pass the time at their home, telling Big John de Conquer stories and playing dice games.
Janie sees signs of the hurricane; suddenly Tea Cake and his friend Motor Boat stop playing dice. She says no. The storm worsens. They retrieve their important documents and their money, but they realize there are no cars to leave in. They leave along with Motor Boat, finding another house to rest and take shelter in before continuing on. Janie reaches for a piece of a roof, hoping it would provide protection for Tea Cake, who has become overwhelmed.
She ends up getting blown into the water, and yells for Tea Cake. He points her to a cow in the water, where there is also a dog. The dog bites Tea Cake, and Tea Cake kills the dog with a knife. They end up in Palm Beach, where she tries to convince Tea Cake to see a doctor, but he refuses. They sleep, and Janie expresses her gratitude for being alive.
Janie wants Tea Cake to rest, but he says they need to leave. Men are needed to dig graves and handle the dead bodies of those killed by the hurricane, but since Tea Cake has money, he does not think he will have to do that work. As he leaves to find the other men from his farm, he is stopped by some men with weapons. Despite his protests, he is told that he must help deal with the dead bodies, or else they will kill him. He helps out along with the others; both black and white men do this work, and yet the grave sites are segregated. Tea Cake comments about God and color prejudice. Afterward, he sees Janie sobbing, and he decides they should return to the Everglades, as he knows the white people there.
They arrive back at the farm the next day, where Motor Boat had stayed and survived the hurricane, working for several weeks in storm clean-up. Tea Cake eventually falls ill, and Janie calls for a doctor. She explains about the dog bite during the hurricane, and the doctor provides medication. He suspects Tea Cake has rabies and recommends that he be hospitalized. He warns Janie that Tea Cake may bite her, infecting her as well. Janie is distraught. Tea Cake continues to suffer due to the rabies. He aims his gun at her and tries to shoot her, but the gun shoots a blank.
She loads the rifle with a bullet and tells him to lay down his gun. Janie has shot him, however, and he then bites her in the arm. Janie is in prison on the day of her trial. The jury is made up of all white men; Janie sees both whites and blacks in the courtroom, but the blacks do not support Janie. The doctor and the sheriff testify in the case; another black man tries to testify against Janie, but the prosecutor, Mr. Prescott, quiets him. Janie testifies in her own defense, explaining her relationship with her husband and what happened during the shooting. The jury deliberates and quickly decides to acquit Janie. White women sob in the courtroom; the black people leave.
Janie is released from prison. In one conversation, it is suggested that black women are free to murder. Janie buries Tea Cake in Palm Beach. Janie has worn her work clothes to the ceremony. Some speculated that Mrs. Janie stayed in that area for some time, eventually leaving with seeds. The action returns to the present as Janie goes back to Eatonville and finishes telling Pheoby her story. Pheoby expresses that she feels transformed as a result of this story; she reflects on her own relationship and decides to behave differently with her husband.
Pheoby then leaves. This novel functions as a story within a story, one narrative being used to frame another. The beginning and the end of the book are told by a third-person omniscient narrator, whose voice tells the tale in standard English. In the first-person narration, Hurston employs colloquial black English to achieve a realistic dialogue. Hurston opens and closes the novel with metaphors of the horizon and the open ocean, and in so doing frames the human narrative in relationship to the natural world. This framework puts human experience in deep contact with nature, although Hurston achieves this in a far subtler way than in many of the folktales, in which the connection between humans and nature is very explicit.
The sun meets the sky at the horizon, and as a person advances toward the horizon, it recedes farther back at the same time. It serves as a visual reference point, but it is not ever reachable. Thus horizon, literal or figurative, suggests possibility, but also limitation. Hurston characterizes Janie as a romantic person, someone seeking a pure form of love rather than simple marriage for convenience or prestige, and the horizon imagery comes into play here. Janie finds herself stifled and unhappy in this marriage, as it was not based on love but on material reasons; she also finds herself angry at her grandmother.
Even later in life, Janie still feels constrained by her past, which makes her all the more susceptible to fall in love with Jody Starks and Tea Cake. When she meets Jody Starks, she sees a different man from her husband, one who appears more cosmopolitan, who dresses well, and who might offer the life Janie has been looking for. But Jody, too, proves to be a problematic husband, oppressive and controlling. He quiets her, excludes her from community events, and degrades her appearance. After Jody dies, Janie feels free. Her relationship with Tea Cake, once again, is an attempt for Janie to realize her desires to live in a truly loving relationship. The image of her pulling in the horizon may also symbolize the end of her life.
In tandem with her metaphor of the horizon, Hurston uses the symbol of water, and more specifically the sea, to represent the close relationship between human destiny and nature. Water functions as both a nourishing and a dangerous force, freeing and constraining the fate of humans. For some they come in with the tide. For others they sail forever on the horizon, never out of sight, never landing until the Watcher turns his eyes away in resignation, his dreams mocked to death by Time.
That is the life of men. Water as freedom can be seen in the character of Nanny as well. Water is also seen as a force for danger and destruction. The hurricane is perhaps the clearest such example of the power of water, or more generally of nature, over people. The hurricane episode plunges Janie and Tea Cake into a flooded mess and totally uproots their lives. Initially, no one seems to be worried about the coming storm, and people continue to play games and tell stories at their home, but ultimately they realize that they will have to fight for their lives.
And yet it is also at this point that the dog bites Tea Cake, infecting him with rabies, which would ultimately bring him down and change their lives forever. Janie and Tea Cake prove to be powerless against the wrath of nature in the form of the hurricane. The depiction of water proves important again in the end of the novel. This reflection deeply inspires Pheoby, who feels she will make changes in her life and will confront the busybody townspeople. Hurston draws connections between the natural world and human destiny in many other ways throughout the novel. Watching the bee pollinate a pear blossom stimulates Janie, and it produces in her a desire to engage in a similar natural union, which she pursues with Johnny Taylor. Lacking roots, then, Nanny sees no real structure ordering family and society for blacks.
When Nanny flees the plantation, she heads to a swamp area with Leafy, where she sees owls, cypresses, and snakes. More generally, it shows the importance that nature plays in human affairs in Hurston novels. To begin with, his birth name is Vergible Woods, calling to mind a forest. As Janie begins to fall in love with him, she believes he is the only man who could evoke that feeling she experienced under the pear tree. The seeds suggest the memory of him and of their relationship together.
The mule is another important symbol of nature in the novel. The mule functioned as an important animal to black communities in the rural South; it was considered lowly but vital to the work of a farm. We can also see the mule as symbolizing, for Janie, the difference between Jody Starks and Logan Killicks. On the day Janie meets Jody Starks, Logan has ordered her to work while he goes to look at a mule for sale. A stark contrast is drawn between these two men, Jody exuding urban sophistication with his fine clothing, while Logan is the old rural hick buying a mule. Jody is even surprised to see Janie doing the work she is doing. The mule symbolizes the difference between the rural, plainspoken farmer Logan Killicks and the urban and sophisticated Jody Starks.
It is escape for her to listen to the stories because with Jody, she is not allowed to engage in such joking. But it is alienation since she cannot truly partake; Jody silences her and prevents her from storytelling, one of her passions. People enjoy telling stories about the mule owned by Matt Bonner, using the mule as a means to explain what is going on in the community; it also functions to expose the power relationship between Janie and Jody. On one occasion, the storytelling goes too far, and some men start harassing the mule, touching it and bothering it. Janie gets very upset and screams at the men. Jody, who sees the commotion, then buys the mule from Matt to allow it to rest before its death.
And yet, despite her attachment to the mule, when the mule dies, Janie is excluded from the funeral service for it, for Jody does not want her to attend a low-class event of that nature. Jody attends himself, however, so he can get more attention from the community. At the funeral, Jody gives a speech about the mule, and while he does so he stands on top of the mule as a means of establishing his authority.
Later, he tells Janie that he was mocking the funeral, laughing at the people there; he says blacks should be more serious and not spend time on such trivial things. Sam says the mule is going to heaven, where it will not experience what it experienced in life. This is ironic, because the mule had a difficult life because of how the people treated it, a fact noted afterward by the buzzards.
Hurston uses much personification in this scene, drawing many different connections between animals and humans. In addition to the strangeness of holding an actual funeral for a mule, Hurston describes what happens after all the people leave, and only some buzzards are left. The buzzards wait until the people are gone, and then the head buzzard leads the others. While the town symbolically consumed the mule by maltreating it and using it for storytelling, the birds literally consume the mule by eating and using it as nourishment. In this scene, Hurston employs a sort of magical realism, intermixing the real-seeming human affairs with fantastical, unrealistic animal behavior.
In essence, Hurston is employing a oral folktale technique, but she is weaving it seamlessly into her narrative. It lends a sense of confusion between what is real and what is not, and suggests that humans and the natural world are not so far apart in reality. Hurston clearly presents marriage as a central—and highly problematic—theme in this novel. In her marriage to Logan Killicks, Janie feels trapped, since she was never in love; with Jody Starks, she feels stifled, silenced, and unappreciated. With Tea Cake, Janie feels happy and fulfilled, but the relationship ends in tragedy after the hurricane, the rabid dog bite, and the shooting of her husband in self-defense.
This is perhaps natural, as Nanny, a former slave, wants to make sure that her granddaughter enjoys life the way her generation was not able to. Then, after gaining freedom, her own daughter is raped and abandons her child. Having been denied a traditional family life, she tries to correct that path for her daughter and granddaughter. It is Nanny who tells Janie when it is time for a relationship, and it is Nanny who chooses the mate. While she does not force Janie into the marriage—it is a marriage of consent—the pressures of her grandmother and of the past convince Janie to make the mistake that is her first marriage.
It proves to be a mistake because Janie devalues materialism and places a premium on idealized love. Her lifelong search for a true love is rooted in her experience laying under the pear tree, when she is moved by the sight of the bee pollinating the blossom. Throughout her life, this is the ideal of natural union that she seeks to achieve. She hopes that one day she will learn to love him, and she even seeks advice from her grandmother about how to get by in her unhappy marriage. Nanny dismisses her complaints and tries to point out how fortunate she is. Janie continues to try to force herself to be more practical about marriage, especially after Nanny dies. The change for the better comes in the form of Jody Starks, in a chance meeting outside.
He impresses her with his manner and dress, and he has ambitions of moving to an all-black town and being a successful entrepreneur. He is also disconcerted to see Janie doing manual labor, and he reveals he would not treat his wife this way. The episode stirs Janie, and she thinks he will provide the life she is looking for, or at least something fuller than the bland life she has with Logan. He tells her how to dress, when she can speak, what events she can attend; he even denies her the pleasure of storytelling with the other community members on the porch of the store.
He possesses a patriarchal view of marriage, their home being the domestic, female space to which he wants her expression to be confined. Janie also feels alienated in their nice home, as she is viewed as an outsider by the people, even though she does not care about the material items. Once again, her husband tries to sanction her affinity for the mule, refusing to allow her even to attend the ceremony for the mule when it dies. At one point, after Mrs.
Tony Robbins comes begging for food, Janie expresses herself publicly, asserting that men think they are smart and try to control everything. Jody is taken aback at her expressing herself like this, which may only increase his desire to control his wife. Tea Cake Woods is different. He is working class, and comes from humble folk roots. Even though Janie as a widow is wealthy and has social status, she enjoys spending time with him doing things that would be unconventional for a woman with her stature, like fishing or playing checkers. He surprises her with strawberries, and plans a picnic.
Janie is even warned about dating him, for he could be seeking her money, but she does not judge him. Another reversal of dynamics, as compared to her other marriages, is that Janie is older than Tea Cake, further fueling speculation that the younger Tea Cake wants her money, and Pheoby reminds her of the infamous story of Annie and Who Flung. Janie has a moment of doubt, when he spends her money at a party, but he redeems himself by winning the money back by gambling.
They have isolated themselves from their old community, leaving behind many bad memories. They come closer together as Tea Cake teaches her how to hunt and pick crops; her new activities also contribute to a sense of identity, as well as a oneness with the community and the land. There are problems, of course, notably caused by the possible fling with Nunkie and the speculation about Mrs. The hurricane is another obvious turning point, and it is what leads to the tragic ending of the tale. They ignore warnings to evacuate, inadvisably leaving only at the last minute. Together, Janie and Tea Cake make it through the natural disaster, but the rabid dog that bites Tea Cake leaves its mark, and the couple cannot recover.
Demented from the rabies, he tries to kill Janie, but she is prepared, and shoots him dead in self-defense. At the end of the novel, Hurston portrays Janie as a single woman. The text does not put marriage into a positive light, nor does it reject it outright; the novel is far too complex to reduce it to a simple morality tale. There are many varied experiences here, but the author is not necessarily asking her readers to judge them. Hurston depicts marriage as highly complex, the intersection of many factors, of personality, background, history, race, gender, class, politics, and also luck. The novel seems to ask if race is not, after all, socially constructed—that is to say, categories not based on biology but on concepts thought up by humans. While the story is ostensibly about Janie, her history is extremely relevant, for Hurston shows that, as regards race, what is past is still in many ways present.
She represents the slave past, the liberation, but also the disorder that accompanied emancipation. As a slave, she has a typical experience of terror and oppression, and she is sexually exploited by the master, bearing his child. Since the child, Leafy, bears his white features, the mistress of the plantation knows what happened, and threatens to beat Nanny, causing her to flee with her child. Nanny points out to Janie that the black woman is like the mule, bearing the burdens of labor and work for others and not being appreciated. The way to avoid that type of life, she thinks, is to marry a man with money and status.
Thus after Nanny views Janie kissing Johnny Taylor, she becomes nervous about the future of her granddaughter. She is concerned that Janie spends time with young men who would not be able to provide social and financial security. And so she encourages Janie to marry Logan Killicks, a black man with money and property, because she feels that black women cannot get by without being married to a stable man.
In fact, early in her life, Janie does not view herself in racial terms. When she plays with the Washburn family, for whom her grandmother works as a domestic, she sees herself as no different. As a child, she does not recognize race classifications. Only when she sees a picture of herself along with her friends does she realize the difference. While it may not be unusual for a young child not to recognize his or her own race, the larger point is that Nanny has not addressed this sensitive issue with her. Jody Starks is an example of a successful, powerful black entrepreneur who is able to provide Janie with social and financial stability, even if not emotional security or simple love.
Unlike many of the other rural folk, he is worldly and cosmopolitan, and models his business after those he saw being run by white people. The complicated nature of early black success and power is seen, however, when the other people in Eatonville grow to resent him more and more as his power and stature continue to rise. One offense is his home, which he modeled after white slave plantation homes; he even paints the house white and enjoys typically white bourgeois comforts, such as cigars, furniture, and fancy spittoons. Tea Cake serves as a contrast to Jody Starks. Unlike Jody, Tea Cake expresses no desire to imitate the white bourgeoisie. A blues man and gambler, he relates well to other black people. He appears genuine and presents no threat to other African Americans as he does not seek power over them.
Hurston uses the character of Mrs. Turner to comment on intrarace relations, even intraracial color prejudice. In doing so, she shows the dangers of racial categorizing. Turner symbolizes racial self-hatred, as she holds great contempt for darker-skinned blacks. This means that she is prejudiced against the darker-skinned Tea Cake while she idolizes the lighter-skinned Janie; she even suggests Janie might be interested in her brother, who is also light-skinned. While in the eyes of everyone else she is black like them, Mrs. Turner sees herself as having the different, superior features of a light-skinned black.
As she holds Janie in very high esteem, Mrs. Turner enjoys visiting her, but Janie objects to Mrs. Janie realizes that blackness is not a singular concept, and that African Americans have very diverse backgrounds. When Mrs. Turner suggests that Booker T. Washington was no hero, Janie objects and defends him. While she disagrees with Mrs. Turner, Janie is characterized as indifferent to or unaffected by this insecure, fearful woman; Tea Cake, for his part, is dismissively mocking of her. That dynamic changes, however, after there has been suggestion that Janie is indeed interested in Mrs. This rumor ends up affecting the relationship between Tea Cake and Janie, as he assaults her to show his possession.
This episode has been the subject of much debate among Hurston scholars and readers. John Lowe points out the social and historical atmosphere at the time when the novel takes place, which was marked by frequent domestic violence, noting that Janie herself reacts violently when she suspects Tea Cake of having an affair with Nunkie. For race or even class reasons, Tea Cake may feel insecure about his relationship to Janie, thus leading him to make a show of his control and ownership of his wife. His anger about Mrs. The hurricane reveals deep racial divisions, in various respects. After the storm has passed, the clean-up involves different procedures for burying blacks and whites: Even after death, there is not equality between the races, as the graves must be segregated and only the whites are buried in coffins.
The storm has so ravaged the bodies that it is difficult to tell the difference between the races, and bogus methods were used to determine race, such as those based on hair type. The confusion regarding the race of the dead bodies calls into question the idea of racial differences. Hurston also points out the irony that while nature makes no distinction in its death and destructions, the people do. In addition, the disparity in survival between black and white is seen, as whites are more readily able to get to dry land. After the hurricane, Tea Cake notes that he wants to quickly return to the Everglades, since the white people know him well there.
This is interesting, because he is not basing his desire on black or white, but on experience: Those whites who know him trust him, while those who do not may treat him differently. But Tea Cake otherwise makes ethnic distinctions too, notably in his frank dismissal of the Native Americans, who encouraged him to leave before the storm. In the trial scene for Janie, race is portrayed as an important factor. While Janie is found not guilty, she is judged by a jury consisting of all white men.
Both whites and blacks attend the trial, although these groups are described as being separate. Ironically, the black people act more negatively to Janie, suggesting that they would have judged her more harshly than the white men. The white women, on the other hand, applaud when the prosecutor silences a man who wants to testify against Janie; these women sob in joy when the verdict is handed down. Hurston does not necessarily advocate any of the positions taken by the blacks during the trial, but her inclusion of them points to the simple fact that justice is not color blind, neither in effect nor in intent. Even where justice is served, as may be the case with Janie, people will view justice through the lens of race.
Also, the sheer disproportionate power of whiteness in the justice system, where whites judge a black woman in a black community, can be seen as a commentary on injustice in the judicial system. As was often seen during the Harlem Renaissance, white people appropriated black causes and culture for their own consumption. When Janie returns to Eatonville, she is wearing overalls, the type of clothing workers or farmers would wear.
The women watching notice how this is quite a change from the fine satin dress she sported when she left town years earlier. The daughter of a runaway alcoholic mother, the granddaughter of a freed slave, Janie shifts from working class to middle class and even to upper class, but it also falls over the course of the novel. Through multiple characters and across several generations, Hurston presents a range of socioeconomic situations in Their Eyes Were Watching God. Others find themselves in different financial situations. After her escape and then subsequent freedom, Nanny works hard, as a domestic for the white Washburn family. She wants to make a new life for herself and her daughter and bring them out of the destitute situation of the free slave.
She also has high expectations for her daughter, Leafy, to get educated, become a teacher, and move upward socially. The rape by her teacher ends those hopes, as Leafy later runs off, but Nanny then focuses her economic hopes and expectations on her granddaughter, Janie, whom she take cares of. Because of her background and her expectations, she is able to convince Janie to accept a marriage based not on love but on stability and practicality. When Janie later complains about not loving Logan Killicks, Nanny defends him on the basis of his class status.
He owns a home, with an organ, and he has no mortgage, she says; for her, he is the new, rising black middle class. Nanny complains that black women focus too much on love. For Janie, Jody Starks comes to represent a new class of man. He too is comfortable, and owns a home and land; he seems more refined than many of the other rural folk. By working hard and saving money, Jody is able to bring himself to a new level of wealth. In contrast to Logan, who makes Janie work, Jody tells Janie she should not be doing manual labor but living well while others get paid to do work. Jody Starks proves to be a model entrepreneur, opening a store in Eatonville that proves a major success. But Jody wants power and prestige even more than he wants wealth.
He quickly rises in prominence in the town, becoming mayor even though a newcomer. Their home also speaks to their wealth and status. It is a large house resembling an antebellum plantation home, and it is white, outfitted with fancy spittoons. People in the town begin to resent their lifestyle, and in this way Hurston exposes the complexities of wealth and status in this southern black community. While many of those townspeople may wish for the same things, they do not appreciate other blacks flaunting their success. In addition, in the eyes of the others in Eatonville, Jody is seen as imitating white men, another reason for the tensions between them.
He is part of the black community, but somehow he is apart. Jody quickly settles a dispute by laying down cash for the mule—a means of negotiation not many people would have. However, no one ever confronts Jody about the tensions felt by the community. When Jody dies, his status is reflected in the funeral given to him. When Janie meets Tea Cake, he seems to be the epitome of the working class, in clear contrast to her. He is a gambler, a blues man, a laborer. Janie does not judge him for this, but she also does not initially reveal just how much money she actually has. Pheoby also comments on the disconnect between Janie and Tea Cake, saying that other people talk about how she gets dragged down socially by being seen with him. Janie objects, saying she likes what they do together and is comfortable with their situation.
In fact, Janie does eventually grow concerned about his true nature, and wonders if he is not trying to get her money. Echoing similar advice from Hezekiah, her friend Pheoby warns her that he might be a gold digger, reminding her of one such relationship between Annie Tyler and Who Flung. After they move and marry, Tea Cake takes some of her cash and spends it on a party. She worries that her fears have come true, but he tells her the truth and apologizes. While other people expect Janie to act superior and not work in the fields, picking crops or hunting, Janie actually assumes her new role quite readily. She is working hard, independently but for a common cause, and for once she does not feel exploited by her husband. Original Title. Washburn , Miss Nellie , Mayrella Audie Award for Solo Narration - Female Other Editions Friend Reviews.
To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. John Jones Here's where the title originates. From the book:"They sat in company with the others in other shanties, their eyes training against crude walls and t …more Here's where the title originates. From the book:"They sat in company with the others in other shanties, their eyes training against crude walls and their souls asking if He meant to measure their puny might against His. They seemed to be staring at the dark, but their eyes were watching God. The flood which results from the rising water sets up a dramatic ending to the entire story. Can anyone recommend a book comparable to Their Eyes Were Watching God that would focus on a male character's journey during the same American historical period?
It takes place in Chicago, not the south, but is the same general time period. And a great novel …more Native Son by Richard Wright might be a good option. And a great novel regardless of how close it parallels this one! Lists with This Book. Community Reviews. Showing Average rating 3. Rating details. More filters. Sort order. Jan 15, Emily May rated it really liked it Shelves: classics , Janie saw her life like a giant tree in leaf with the things suffered, things enjoyed, things done and undone.
Dawn and doom was in the branches. I've spent many years wanting to read this book, but also not wanting to read it because the title made me think it was going to be heavy on religion, which is something I generally avoid in books. It's not, though. It's a wonderful, lyrical tale of a woman's life and search for independence. Now I'm fascinated by interpretations of the title because Janie saw her life like a giant tree in leaf with the things suffered, things enjoyed, things done and undone. Now I'm fascinated by interpretations of the title because religion and God don't feature much in the story at all.
While this theory doesn't give her much agency, it does fit with her search for a life outside of others' expectations except God's. It's set in Florida in the early 20th Century, at the height of Jim Crow. The novel begins with Janie Crawford sharing her life story with her friend Pheoby. We are taken back to her youth and sexual awakening-- an event that triggers her grandmother's insistence that she marry for protection.
Nanny, herself, is fascinating. You feel both Janie's frustration toward her controlling grandmother, and Nanny's desire that Janie will have a better life and be taken care of. Git up on uh high chair and sit dere. Through three marriages and many instances of physical abuse, Janie remains fierce and unapologetic. It was a terrible time in America for a black woman to find freedom and independence, but Janie pursues it nevertheless. It's now eighty years after the book's first publication and Janie's indistinguishable spirit is as captivating as it surely always was.
In the end, the book is about defying expectations and living for oneself. Everyone in Janie's life wants and expects something from her. Her Nanny wants her to marry for protection, white men want to keep her down, darker-skinned African-Americans feel she should emphasize her lighter skin, each of her husbands wants her to behave and dress in a way that suits them. But Janie remains wholly herself throughout.
I love her. Blog Facebook Twitter Instagram Youtube View all 20 comments. I read this masterpiece for the first time in high school. The love story of Janie and Tea Cake is one of stupendous beauty. Zora Neal Hurston's text is a treasure: "So she went on thinking in soft, easy phrases while all around the house, the night time put on flesh and blackness. But, her hopes are shattered as Jody's ambitions in Eatonville, FL coincidentally Hurston's hometown where she feels, "Four walls squeezing her breath out. He passes away and Janie meets her true love Tea Cake and she seems to have found her inner peace: "So she sat on the porch and watched the moon rise.
Soon its amber fluid was drenching the earth, and quenching the thirst of the day. You'se got de world in uh jug and make out you don't know it. But Ah'm glad tuh be the one tuh tell yuh. So her soul crawled out from its hiding place. All gods dispense suffering without reason. Otherwise, they would not be worshipped. Disaster eventually strikes, as it always does, gods dispensing their unreasoning suffering. They sat in company with the others in other shanties, their eyes straining against crude walls and their souls asking if He meant to measure their puny might against His. Since, it has been appreciated as the quiet, beautiful monument to a woman's strength and endurance. A must read in these times of women-hating rhetoric in Drumpf's amerikkka.
The attacks on Planned Parenthood and the bullshit "reverse discrimination" are just two of the many demonstrations of why this book is important as both a feminist and anti-racist classic. Their Eyes Were Watching God is one of the most beautifully evoked portraits of a woman of color that I have ever read. View all 39 comments. I have mixed feelings on this book. On one hand I loved the writing style and I loved the main character and following her journey through life's struggles.
On the other hand it was slow moving, which isn't necessarily a bad thing, but I felt things could've been cut to keep the story moving better. I understand why this is such a well loved classic, but I didn't love it as much as I'd hoped to! View all 31 comments. Love is lak de sea. She knows how life is with it and she knows how life is without it. She had three marriages with varying degrees of success. The first was a marriage with a much older man when she was on the verge of womanhood. Her Grandmother, fearing her own death, and wanting to make sure that Janie had some security in her life made arrangements with a man of means to be her husband.
Love and lust, from her withered view, were just enticements best skipped for the security of a solid roof and a steady diet of square meals. Foundation of ancient power that no longer mattered. They diffused and melted Janie, the room and the world into one comprehension. With barely a twist of her arm she jumped in the buggy with him and moved to Eatonville, Florida where an all black community was being formed into a town. Somebody got to think for women and chillun and chickens and cows. Now Janie was North of forty, but was still a damn good looking woman. They, the men, were saving with the mind what they lost with the eye.
A young man by the name of Tea Cake showed up and suddenly for the first time Janie found out what love felt like. Dear lord did the community carry on about this old woman shaking the sheets with this youngster with no money and no name for himself. Janie herself was suspicious even pushed him about the thought that his intentions might be built on false pretenses. Nobody else on earth kin hold uh candle tuh you, baby. You got de keys to de kingdom. I'm ready. Where do you want to go? They moved down in the Everglades to pick beans by day and for Tea Cake to shake the dice by night. He could pick a mean guitar as well and sang songs for the entertainment of all those hard working people.
Men kept circling around her like bees looking for a hive. Not because her behavior justified his jealousy, but it relieved that awful fear inside him. Being able to whip her reassured him in possession. No brutal beating at all. He just slapped her around a bit to show who was boss. Everybody talked about it next day in the fields. It aroused a sort of envy in both men and women. The way he petted and pampered her as if those two or three face slaps had nearly killed her made the women see visions and the helpless way she hung on him made men dream dreams. Now there are hurricanes, heart breaks, rabid dogs, lustful men, stiletto knives, and a young girl blossoming into a beautiful woman that has to find her place in the geometry and geography of love.
Hurston has a keen eye for observation and an attentive ear for conversation. Now Zora Neale Hurston did not become famous for being a gifted writer. She worked as a substitute school teacher, librarian, freelance writer, and even as a maid towards the end of her life. When she suffers a stroke in she is forced to enter the St. Lucie County Welfare Home where she remains until her death on January 28th, from hypertensive heart disease.
As a final tribute to Hurston, Walker finds the approximate point of her internment and puts a grave marker on the site. This is vindication for a voice that was not heard by enough people when she was alive, but now at last she is being read, discussed, and loved. View all 65 comments. Jun 24, Fabian rated it it was amazing Shelves: favorites. The modernism of "Their Eyes" lies in the intermixing of 's black vernacular with poetic lines which themselves carry astute and precise craft--this is outstanding.
Lightning in a bottle--that's what this book reads like. I love to choose sides in literary battles--most of which are absurd but still funny to reminisce about as if the reader himself was actually there. Richard Wright versus Zora Neale Hurston. A page discourse on the unfairness of being black "Native Son" , vs. The prose is severely, sincerely alive. The sadness comes when you realize that Hurston was outright forgotten--she had to be found, her grave properly marked, by none other than Alice Walker the topic for a screenplay perhaps?
Even the man at the end of "Their Eyes" has a proper burial, while she, the progenitor of it all was utterly forgotten--but re-found by smart and freeminded readers. The prophecy is chilling, but the body of work is its stark opposite--alive, beautiful, raw, human, poetic, godly. View all 11 comments. Jan 13, Samadrita rated it it was amazing Shelves: and-more , re-readable , in-by-about-america , racism-slavery-post-colonial , feminism-feminist-undertones , romance , by-women-who-matter , timeless-classics , adoration , slice-of-life.
Here is a woman who led a wretched life for years, doomed to stagnate in the drab depths of oblivion even after her death which had gone under the radar and generated no nostalgia-soaked, emotional obituaries. She lay in an unmarked grave in the Garden of Heavenly Rest, Florida, treated by her own contemporaries like an outcast because of a difference in perspectives, to be resuscitated and acknowledged as one of the foremost powerful voices that ever reverberated across the African-American lit Here is a woman who led a wretched life for years, doomed to stagnate in the drab depths of oblivion even after her death which had gone under the radar and generated no nostalgia-soaked, emotional obituaries. She lay in an unmarked grave in the Garden of Heavenly Rest, Florida, treated by her own contemporaries like an outcast because of a difference in perspectives, to be resuscitated and acknowledged as one of the foremost powerful voices that ever reverberated across the African-American literary landscape years later.
And here is her creation, a 'coffee-and-cream' skinned Janie Crawford, a child born out of a possible rape, a sure forerunner to Toni Morrison's Sethe, Denver and Beloved or Alice Walker's Celie and Nettie. A mulatto woman in a white man's world, who grew aware of an identity not shackled by notions of race, skin color, and even gender, who could look beyond the small horizon carelessly conferred on her by an era which was bluntly apathetic to her kind, who could aspire to be free of a legacy of mere victimhood. And here I am, trying to make sure I do not fuse Zora and Janie together, unable to decide how to love, revere and pity them at the same time.
I watched the young and carefree Janie, who bubbled over with an enthusiasm for life, eventually morph into the Janie who embraced the bittersweet realization of having loved and lost. My eyes traced her unsure footsteps from financial servitude to financial stability, from the daily battle of ignoring the sting of self-denial to grasping at a life free of emotional subservience. I loved the hapless, innocent Janie who consented to being passed over like property from her grandmother's ownership to her first husband's just as much I admired the Janie who found her salvation in Tea Cake's good-natured laughter after two marriages which had simultaneously stripped her of her last shred of self-esteem and caused her to listen to that stifled inner voice.
And I felt a strange kind of happiness building up inside for the Janie who would not succumb to the temptation of self-loathing like the misguided Mrs Turner, the Janie who found the firm ground of self-awareness to tread on while the world of conflicting ideas rotated on its axis like ever. Zora Neale Hurston had a rich dual voice - one of them fearlessly recounting the quirks characterizing the Black American community in the deep south still clinging on to the outer fringes of a white-dominated society intertwined with the lyrical, oneiric voice of a philosopher and a feminist, possibly one of the first among her kind.
And it is this wholly harmonious union of these two voices which transforms this bildungsroman into a honeyed ballad of love and grief, of psychological bondage and emancipation. He could be a bee to a blossom-a pear tree blossom in the spring. He seemed to be crushing scent out of the world with his footsteps. Crushing aromatic herbs with every step he took. Spices hung about him. He was a glance from God. She merely watched Him with hopeful eyes, lovingly accepting all He bestowed on her. And I watched Janie with a tear-strained smile. Two things: 1 This is deserving of the one-of-the-great-classics-of-theth-century title. To elaborate on both: This is a beautifully written, brilliantly characterized, and consuming read.
I tend to hate historical fiction, but when it's done like this I love it completely. Equally significantly, I accidentally bought the large-print version of this book, and now I want to do that forever. Those are my two PSAs. Bottom line: Read this book, and give large print Two things: 1 This is deserving of the one-of-the-great-classics-of-theth-century title. Bottom line: Read this book, and give large print editions the respect they deserve. View all 13 comments.
Feb 23, Robin rated it it was amazing Shelves: literary-fiction , american , I was prepared, based on the many five star reviews for this novel by many of my esteemed Goodreads friends, for a worthy book. I was prepared, based on its publishing date and its setting of Eatonville, Florida and then the Everglades, that important racial themes would be present. What I wasn't prepared for, however, was to be knocked over completely by the shimmering, feathery-fine, poetic prose. I wasn't prepared to be told a courageous, all-in, love story.
Zora Neale Hurston's incredibl I was prepared, based on the many five star reviews for this novel by many of my esteemed Goodreads friends, for a worthy book. Zora Neale Hurston's incredible book is the story of Janie Crawford, a middle aged black woman who has had three marriages. Her grandmother Nanny was a slave who had been abused by her white master. Her mother Leafy was also a victim of rape. She started drinking and disappeared, leaving Nanny to raise Janie. After seeing Janie kiss a boy as a teenager, Nanny insists on Janie marrying a man she didn't know or love, thinking that this was how she could be safe and happy.
The familiar people and things had failed her so she hung over the gate and looked up the road towards way off. She knew now that marriage did not make love. Janie's first dream was dead, so she became a woman. She runs off and marries another man, Joe, who turns out to be a controlling misogynist. Despite providing materially for her, Janie is isolated and unhappy. So gradually, she pressed her teeth together and learned to hush. The spirit of the marriage left the bedroom and took to living in the parlour. It was there to shake hands whenever company came to visit, but it never went back inside the bedroom again.
And then, she meets Tea Cake. He's twelve years younger, but he is her match. And she lives with him, wholly and sensuously, the way she imagined the way it would be as a teenager, looking upon a pear tree: She saw a dust-bearing bee sink into the sanctum of a bloom; the thousand sister-calyxes arch to meet the love embrace and the ecstatic shiver of the tree from root to tiniest branch creaming in every blossom and frothing with delight. Oh MY. Are you dying yet? With this writing? Then, read on these few short samples: The sun was gone, but he had left his footprints in the sky.
The morning road air was like a new dress. The stillness was the sleep of swords. No hour is ever eternity, but it has its right to weep. So while I was dizzy with delight, swooning over this writing, I was alternately impressed with the dialogue, written in the dialect of Southern black people of the time. Hurston shows herself to be a master of both poetic prose and colloquial language, and weaves them seamlessly back and forth. While she highlights the ever present racial problems between blacks and whites, she also shows the problems and hindrances caused within her own community, which in some ways are just as limiting. Within the black community there exists a class system, and people are expected to keep to their place.
She zeroes in specifically on a woman's place within this culture, and then, in relation to her man. Through all this, shines the love story of Janie and Tea Cake. It is a love that is unhesitating, accepting, passionate and pure. It pulses with adventure and life, and the beating of two devoted hearts. Love is lak the sea. It's uh movin' thing, but still and all, it takes its shape from de shore it meets, and it's different with every shore. I have every admiration for Zora Neale Hurston, who is not only a truly dazzling writer, but an inspiring woman. I learned after reading this book that she was the daughter of former slaves, and that she grew up in the town of Eatonville, where her father was elected mayor. She was a graduate student at Columbia University.
Though her life ended in poverty and in an unmarked grave, she left behind a powerful and lasting legacy. View all 28 comments. Jul 04, Michael rated it it was amazing Shelves: recs. Written in lush prose that blossoms around lines of vernacular dialogue, Their Eyes Were Watching God follows Janie Crawford as she wades through three turbulent marriages toward a state of financial and emotional independence. The story begins at its end, with a forty-something Janie returning to her old town after years spent elsewhere; her best friend Pheoby calls upon her, and Janie begins to recount her many travels and experiences to Pheoby.
But, despite the frame's promise that Janie will Written in lush prose that blossoms around lines of vernacular dialogue, Their Eyes Were Watching God follows Janie Crawford as she wades through three turbulent marriages toward a state of financial and emotional independence. But, despite the frame's promise that Janie will be the one to narrate most of the novel, the narrative is in fact split between long stretches of dialogue and the voice of an omniscient narrator. From the start, then, the novel is interested in problematizing the ownership and interpretation of Janie's life story, a story of one Black woman's endurance in the face of vitriolic misogyny and racism.
The narrative's clash between voices forces readers to consider on what terms, in what ways, and to whom Janie's story is told. The book's well-structured plot makes for a highly absorbing reading experience, even as its distinctive structure compels readers to remain acutely aware that they are reading a work of literary artifice. Jul 03, AJ Griffin rated it liked it Recommends it for: people interested in historical ebonics, I suppose. Another "I don't remember it very well, but I know I liked it" story.
Here's what I do recall: A The main character was a woman, and she had something like 3 lovers throughout the book. Or something. C There was some issue with the weather towards the end. D Zora Neal Hurston got arrested for fucking a kid, or something I guess that wasn't really in the book, but whatever. Somehow I managed to get through th Another "I don't remember it very well, but I know I liked it" story. Somehow I managed to get through this before my "oh, I should think about black people? I must have been busy. View all 48 comments. Jul 04, Kevin Ansbro rated it it was amazing Shelves: as-per-lisas-intriguing-review , human-emotions , inspirational , gentle-humour , black-american , heartwarming , human-imagery , uplifting.
Zora Neale Hurston was born to write. This s deeply human story of one indefatigable black woman's life, loves and catastrophes dazzled and delighted me from start to finish. It was apparently written in a hurry and the story does have a breakneck feel to it. Characterful expressions burst from its pages; the syncopated, lively dialogue of the black people of the day is lush and gorgeous to read. But please don't accept my effusive review as a recommendation. This book is not a generic crowd-pl Zora Neale Hurston was born to write.
This book is not a generic crowd-pleaser and won't suit all tastes. It is dialogue heavy and at times I felt I was reading a theatre script, rather than a novel. I've seen that some readers weren't able to get to grips with the spoken vernacular, which surprises me no end. Lisa's review For me, the writing was irresistible. I do however think it wouldn't be for everyone. View all 52 comments. Jun 25, Lisa rated it it was amazing Shelves: so-good-it-hurts , unforgettable , books-to-read-before-you-die , persuasive. It's a moving thing, but still and all, it takes its shape from the shore it meets, and it's different with every shore.
Nanny knew what it meant to be a slave to men. And Nanny had a daughter. She saw what happened to her, how she chose to escape pain in oblivion. And Nanny was scared. She was so scared that she wanted to prevent the same thing from happening to her daughter's daughter, even if it meant that she had to force her grandc "Love is like the sea. She was so scared that she wanted to prevent the same thing from happening to her daughter's daughter, even if it meant that she had to force her grandchild to be unhappy. As long as she was unhappy in a different, secure way, with an old and stable man by her side. That is the background of Janie Crawford's story. She is in her early forties, and starts telling a friend her life story in beautiful, colloquial language.
And what a life it is! So common and typical, and yet individually painful and loving. Three men, three facets of female experience. Three ways to love and respect each other, and to abuse and kill each other's spirit. Sometimes our family's fear of suffering makes us suffer more than anything we could possibly live through ourselves. And sometimes we find love where we least expect it.
Janie sings the Ballad of the Gaol of Woman: "Some love too little, some too long, Some sell, and others buy; Some do the deed with many tears, And some without a sigh: For each wo man kills the thing s he loves, Yet each wo man does not die. View all 24 comments. Jan 24, Melissa Rudder rated it really liked it Shelves: master-s-exam , teach-it. I noticed this year that my introduction made my students expect the protagonist, Janie, to jump from the novel's pages as a woman warrior, take no shit from anyone, and--I don't know--burn her bra. But the real beauty of Hurston's novel is that her heroine is a real character living in a real world--a When I teach Zora Neale Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God , I tell my students the Alice Walker headstone story and teach the book as a Black Feminist novel that is far, far ahead of its time.
But the real beauty of Hurston's novel is that her heroine is a real character living in a real world--albeit, one that is touched by literary genius and reflective of literary genres as varied and vital as Hurston's scholarly focus African American Folk Tradition and the odyssey of the "high mimetic form". A Black woman presented as the hero of an epic journey in simply amazing. Janie struggles. Janie submits. Janie silences herself.
But Janie grows. And, in my mind, a revolution begins. Hurston's character construction is superb. At once, her characters are strongly allegorical AND so real that they are breathing entities in the reader's mind and disturbingly remind you of that uncle you don't really like. Janie is as real as they come. By the end of the story, I, as a reader, am her best friend Pheoby, sitting on that porch with her and listening her to tale. I understand her insecurities, I feel her pain, I smile as she inexplicably giggles for two pages, and I am full of that emotion the conclusion of Hurston's epic tale creates. I love that Hurston gives her readers the tools to understanding Janie's motivation and responses very early in the book in the form of her beautifully constructed pear tree and mule metaphors.
It is a wonderful book to teach to those teenagers who still think literary analysis is a sham that teachers come up with to torture students, because Hurston stitches her novel together with meaningful patterns of metaphors and symbols that deliberately guide readers through Janie's experience. Hurston's literary talent shines in her ability both to construct believable, life-like dialogue in strong southern dialect and to create poetic prose rich in metaphor and meaning, as well as in her ability both to spin a tale that leaves the reader in greedy suspense and to write a story that says so much about the nature of love, power, language, race, gender, and identity. The more I read this book, the more I like it.
On a side note: As the book is so strongly embedded in oral tradition, my classes listen to a few chapters of the audio book, which is read by Ruby Dee who also played the role of Janie's grandmother in Oprah's movie. It is simply fantastic. If you're a fan of the book, you should definitely listen to it. View all 8 comments. When I was in school we were given a choice to read Soul on Ice, Johnny got his gun or this book.
I choose Johnny, a book that haunts me to this day. Hurston's book always remained in the back of my mind, though I can't help but wonder if I would have appreciated it back then as much as I did now. I did find the dialect difficult at times, but I found if I read it out loud it made more sense. Of course my husband thought I was demented, but he often does. I cannot imagine being married as young a When I was in school we were given a choice to read Soul on Ice, Johnny got his gun or this book. I cannot imagine being married as young as Janie was made to marry vent though I understood her grandmothers reasoning.
What a life she had. What a tragic ending. A very important symbol of place and time, was what this novel represents for me. Found it amazing that this novel was written in so short a time. Read the forward after I had finished and it was vey informative about the difficult journey this book had and how it largely disappeared for a number of years. Glad I got the chance to read it now. I Mean What Can I Say?
So sad such a talented person has to die indigent. Zora Neal Hurston, born , died in abject poverty in Although l have read this book several times, each time l read it, l see a different story that she is trying to tell. With white men being the king of the world and their white women with them, the black man could have a place at the bottom of the pits. And lying underneath him, throats under his heel, lies the black woman barely alive. I have been told by family members that the women in this world feel that it is her duty to make a man feel a man.
They say that in America, for a black man, it is very hard to do. I disagree completely. If a woman has to become a whipping post, and be abused, to make someone feel that his manhood is not challenged, then that man has no idea what manhood is about. Some people may disagree with me, but that is your choice. View all 12 comments. Alan I'm sure I can be accused for noting that Blacks created the only unique American art form, jazz and blues, when Ellington and Basie could not even st I'm sure I can be accused for noting that Blacks created the only unique American art form, jazz and blues, when Ellington and Basie could not even stay in the hotels they played it, and were underpaid like Hurston.
Now that worst musicians, rappers, are overpaid, the art is worse. The great paid artists, like Shakespeare, are exceptional. Either direct or indirect. Sep 06, Ahmad Sharabiani rated it really liked it Shelves: culture , literature , academic , young-adult , novels , 20th-century , united-states , historical , african-american. She portrayed racial struggles in the early's American South and published research on hoodoo. It is considered a classic of the Harlem Renaissance, and Hurston's best known work. The novel explores main character Janie Crawford's "ripening from a vibrant, but voiceless, teenage girl into a woman with her finger on the trigger of her own destiny".
Janie Crawford, an African-American woman quest for identity takes her through three marriages and into a journey back to her roots. Janie, in her forties, recounts her life starting with her sexual awakening, which she compares to a blossoming pear tree kissed by bees in spring. Around this time, Janie allows a local boy, Johnny Taylor, to kiss her, which Janie's grandmother, Nanny, witnesses. As a young enslaved woman, Nanny was raped by her white enslaver, then gave birth to a mixed-race daughter she named Leafy. Though Nanny wanted a better life for her daughter and even escaped her jealous mistress after the American Civil War, Leafy was later raped by her school teacher and became pregnant with Janie.
Shortly after Janie's birth, Leafy began to drink and stay out at night, eventually running away and leaving Janie with Nanny. Nanny, having transferred her hopes for stability and opportunity from Leafy to Janie, arranges for Janie to marry Logan Killicks, an older farmer looking for a wife. However, Killicks doesn't love Janie and wants only a domestic helper rather than a lover or partner; he thinks she doesn't do enough around the farm and considers her ungrateful. When Janie speaks to Nanny about her desire for love, Nanny, too, accuses Janie of being spoiled and, soon afterwards, dies. Unhappy, disillusioned, and lonely, Janie leaves Killicks and runs off with Jody Joe Starks, a glib man who takes her to the all-black community of Eatonville, Florida.
Starks arranges to buy more land, establishes a general store, and is soon elected mayor of the town. However, Janie soon realizes that Starks wants her as a trophy wife to reinforce his powerful position in town and to run the store, even forbidding her from taking part in the town's social life. During their twenty-year marriage, he treats her as his property, criticizing her, controlling her, and physically abusing her. Finally, when Starks's kidney begins to fail, Janie says that he never knew her because he would not let her be free. There are two ways to approach this book: 1.
Enjoy the writing! Side note: The audio version narrated by Ruby Dee only makes this better 2.Finally, when Starks's kidney begins to fail, Janie says that Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God never knew her because he would not let her be free. Turner wonders how Janie can stand all the blacks spending so much time at her home, and she expresses surprise Poverty And Education In Mississippi Janie tells her that Tea Cake does not have much money. I appreciate Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God time Scientific Argument Against Free Will Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God to read my review. A must read in these times Dignity In Henry David Thoreaus Analysis women-hating rhetoric Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God Drumpf's amerikkka. Statements Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God only of original research should be removed. Critical companion to Zora Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God Hurston. Both Killicks and Starks profane that pear tree ignoring the Pete And Sucker Character Analysis fruit that has been waiting to Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God cherished as it deserved and it is Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God until many years later, when Janie becomes a forty Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God old and attractive widow, that Tea Cake appears disguised as the bee that blossoming Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God has been Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God for during all her life, making her soul crawl out from its Zora Neale Hurstons Their Eyes Were Watching God place.