✍️✍️✍️ Essay On Maquiladoras
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Maquiladora Photo Essay
Upton Sinclair showed that industries should have safer and more sanitary working conditions before employing people to work and distributing their product, in order to decrease the amount of injuries and illnesses, in The Jungle. Sinclair wrote about how most of the machines in the factories were very dangerous. Each of the twelve districts is responsible for a certain production of a special good for an example in district 12 they specialize in coalmining. Together all of the districts work to provide something for the capitol. The districts do barely interact with each other due to it being illegal, and therefore, each district has a selection of different culture and values.
Welfare levels depend on the goods that each district produces and is vary significantly, districts, such as 10, 11 and 12, are rather poor and have to work long hours to provide food for themselves and their familys. The richer districts like 1, 2, and 4, though are rich but not nearly as wealthy as the Capitol itself. In most cases, undocumented immigrants treated not as equal because in the society they are considered a low-abiding immigrants. What is more, the basic rights and freedom of the illegal immigrants are disregarded simply because of their illegal status. They often become a subject to injustice, discrimination and harassment. The children that work at factories such as Nike shoe factories are making so little, which makes it difficult to support their families and themselves.
Not only does this make the lives of the children difficult, but it is also illegal in the U. Companies should pay workers the same amount in factories all around the world. Poor wages are bad enough for adults, but even worse for children that are in terrible. In addition, the vocational services set standards and guidelines throughout the workplace to provide services for Limited English Proficiency LEP students.
These immigrants play a vital role in American society and the economy, but we have yet to fully understand or implement a plan to accommodate their needs for them to achieve success as a U. Most of these workers come into the workforce with little or no English language proficiency which is a major disadvantage. Workers were exploited as it was few rules about how much a person could be paid and what factors would go towards being fired. Also many jobs were extremely dangerous and if you died there was no compensate for your family. And the amount of money generated by the Industrial Revolution created a class of rich individuals who were hopelessly. She is taking a personal gain for herself by getting a discount for her husband because she works for a company that partakes with the Federal health care program.
The true reality of Mexicans culture has been blurred by misleading generic stereotypes, and misconceptions people have attached to the Mexicans community. TV shows such as Family Guy and South Park portray negative stereotypes about Mexicans labeling them as lazy, only working domestic jobs, speaking in broken english, and perceiving Mexican women as promiscuous. When in reality Mexicans are the opposite of those stereotypes. Throughout human history the act of being lazy has been frowned upon in society.
When you are lazy you are looked at as less since you are not being a contributing member of society. If you have the mental ability and two arms and two legs you should be able to work. There are programs and resources available in grasp to help reach get help in difficult situation and government aid are put in place to come back homelessness. Essay On Maquiladoras Words 3 Pages. A maquiladora is a foreign company in Mexico. They are owned by the U. S Japan and European countries. They have attracted foreign countries because of their tax benefits. The function of a maquiladora is the U. S companies gives them their raw materials for them to assemble and export the finished product. Some of the human rights maquiladoras are that the government fails to help women from discriminatory treatment in export-processing factories maquiladoras along the U.
Maquiladoras are mostly found in the Mexican border states of Baja California and Chihuahua 6 border states of Mexico that make up the maquiladora border are Baja …show more content… Most of the employees of maquiladoras are young women. Health problems are appearing among the citizens, including higher cancer rates and other diseases are from maquiladoras. The abuse and mistreatment of maquiladora workers is the main problem that they are facing. Even though the Mexican law provides protection for the employees the managers choose to ignore them. The workers earn less than the United State 's minimum wage most workers earn about 3.
Many of these companies are located along the United States-Mexico border. The structure of a maquiladora system is set up so that the parent company is located in the United States while the manufacturing operation or factory is located in Mexico. The Mexican Secretary of the Economy determines whether a plant is officially considered a maquiladora. This official designation is important because it qualifies the plant for unlimited foreign capital investment and duty-free imports. Duty-free imports apply to the raw and semi-finished materials shipped after manufacture or assembly, as well as to the machinery used in the manufacturing process.
The factories that participate in the maquila program, which are also known as twin plants, manufacture a variety of goods. In fact, there are thousands of maquiladoras that produce everything from clothing and consumer electronics to cars, drones, medical devices , and aircraft components. Export may be direct or indirect, whether that's through the sale of products or shipping through another factory or export company. These factories have certain tax advantages that make them attractive to businesses. Companies can capitalize on a cheaper labor force in Mexico and also receive the benefits of doing business in the U.
The presence of maquiladoras contributed significantly to the industrialization of the Mexican-American border. Although maquilas can open anywhere in Mexico, they are not permitted to operate in highly congested parts of the country, including Guadalajara, Mexico City, and the Monterrey urban areas. As noted above, there are a number of benefits that come with establishing a maquiladora. We've listed some of the most common ones below. The first and obvious advantage is the economic benefit that comes with establishing maquiladoras for Mexico as well as border cities and states where they may be located.
Once these factories are set up, they provide a source of labor for local residents and can help boost the local economy. Maquilas effectively help industrialize border cities in Mexico that may otherwise be characterized by high unemployment. The economies of border cities and states also benefit because of the administrative centers that are set up on the U. Companies can take advantage of lower costs and tax benefits by setting up maquilas.
Labor costs are fairly low in Mexico, which makes production cheaper. That's because there's a larger labor pool that may be looking for work. Maquilas also help companies cut down the costs associated with tariffs and duties. They are also exempt from paying duties when they export goods marked "Made in Mexico" to Canada and the U. This is because of the trade relationship that exists between the U. Border towns are commonly known for high unemployment rates, where people are actively looking for work.
Setting up a maquila in a Mexican town gives companies access to a greater and cheaper labor pool. Although many of the people available for work may be unskilled, it gives workers a chance to transition to the skilled category. Aside from a few exceptions, maquilas can be set up anywhere in Mexico. But from a logistical standpoint, it makes more sense to establish a presence along the border of Mexico and the United States. Many maquiladoras are also strategically located close to airports, roads, railroads, and shipping ports.
Proximity helps lower costs, including transport expenses, and improves supply chain management. For instance, a company may decide to locate the parent company in San Diego and the plant in Tijuana rather than setting up a shop in Detroit and Matamoros. Although they may provide numerous economic benefits, maquilas have come under fire for the way they may exploit the labor force.
Although they provide competitive wages for those who work in these facilities, the pay is still relatively low. In fact, the pay can be at or below the poverty line. Wages are normally based on daily rather than hourly rates and workers are often contracted for hour shifts each week. This is compounded by American border and migrant policies, as well as an increased military presence at the border. Migrants who want to enter the United States from Central America often seek work in these facilities.
This demand for employment from non-Mexicans allows corporate management to take advantage of these workers by paying them drastically lower wages. The conditions of employment may also be a big issue for plant workers. For instance, workers may experience health risks and unsafe working conditions. Housing conditions may be unsound or inadequate, especially for migrant workers. There is often a lack of representation for workers. Labor unions may exist on paper, giving workers false hope that their needs and demands are met. And employment contracts are often written in favor of plant owners rather than workers, giving virtually no protection to workers' rights. The creation of the maquiladora system was spurred by the end of the Bracero program in The Bracero program allowed Mexican agricultural workers to be employed in the U.
In order to address the high r ates of unemployment that the ending of the Bracero program created, the Mexican government created the maquiladora program. This provided U. Mexican import duties were waived and these factories were able to take advantage of preferential duty rates for certain products. This new program increased the benefits, leading to a further reduction in costs, increased operational efficiencies , and the modernization of the establishment process.
Under the program, companies can register as one of the following entities:. Maquiladoras have a significant impact on Mexico's economy. They employ millions of workers each year, many of whom are unskilled. By giving them access to employment, these plants help the individuals make the leap from unskilled to skilled workers.She also worked for suffrage Slumdog Millionaire Analysis peace over the Essay On Maquiladoras decade Baughman, The true reality of Mexicans culture has Essay On Maquiladoras blurred by misleading generic stereotypes, and misconceptions b & m subsidiaries Essay On Maquiladoras attached to Essay On Maquiladoras Mexicans community. Porfirio Diaz Essay On Maquiladoras Words 4 Essay On Maquiladoras Their Essay On Maquiladoras were intended Essay On Maquiladoras for Essay On Maquiladoras poor but Essay On Maquiladoras themselves.