✪✪✪ Ghandi Civil Disobidiene Analysis

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Ghandi Civil Disobidiene Analysis



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Thoreau and Civil Disobedience

For instance divestment of minority of certain civil and economic rights. On the contrary, the actions of civil disobedience will be insufficient if they are directed against such state decisions or new laws which violate the basic rights of the public. Civil disobedience is justified in situations when other means of political struggles have failed. So far civil disobedience is considered as the last resort, one should be absolutely sure that it is really necessary.

However, even under such circumstances civil disobedience won't be successful if the ruling majority has definitely chosen unjust and hostile tactics against a minority. Civil disobedience is justified if it doesn't lead to serious social disorder and doesn't explode the efficacy of just constitution and the respect to the rule of law. Though it is evident that John Rawls was elaborating his conception in that particular historical period and political context when the human rights movement in the USA, largely inspired by Martin Luther King, was a part Of every day news reports and the huge satyagraha campaigns in India initiated and inspired by Gandhi, had been recent history, I have no factual information regarding the possible influence of Gandhi's thought and practice to Rawls' political theory.

But nevertheless, the comparison of Gandhi's approach to civil disobedience with the one of Rawls would be very important, especially for understanding of the perspectives of civil disobedience in a non-democratic society. As we saw, according to Rawls, civil disobedience is a significant social instrument of resistance to some partial laws and state decisions which contradicts to the general spirit of constitution and for the sake of constitution. But does this mean, that in a non-democratic society there is no room for civil disobedience so far there is no democratically accepted and, hence, legitimate constitution?

And what will be the justification of civil disobedience for those who would make a decision to resist injustice in such society? An answer to this question can be found in Gandhi's heritage, specifically in his particular experiment with ahimsa in Champaran district in the presidency of Tirhut Bihar in Gandhi was invited in Champaran by one of the ryots to help them to change the existing order of relations between ryots and landowners. That was a system of tinkatia hundred years old according to which the lessees had to mark from every twenty plots of rented land for indigo. It was an extremely unjust system and ryots were losing a lot because of it. The challenge was to abolish the tinkatia system in Bihar. To understand the ryots' complaints Gandhi had to talk to thousands of them.

He decided to start his study of the problem with figuring out the planters opinion. However the planters association Secretary regarded him as an outlier and, roughly refused to give him any information. Gandhi also visited the presidency commissioner, but the latter tried to threaten him and suggested to leave Tirhut straight away. Soon he was asked to report to the District Magistrate for refusal to leave Champaran as per the Administration's order. In the statement read for the District Magistrate Gandhi explained his decision not to comply the Administration order by his civilian duty to help the ryots and announced his readiness to "submit without protest to the penalty of disobedience.

Strange as it may sound, but a judge and a state attorney disagreed and the hearing was postponed. Gandhi got some time to communicate with the Vice-King and with his friends about the case and soon the judge published the Governor's injunction to abate the case. The local authorities became ready to collaborate with Gandhi. Some time later owing to Gandhi's and his companions' efforts the system of Tinkatia was abolished. Characterizing the Magistrate' s decision Gandhi noted, that India got the first demonstrative lesson of civil disobedience.

Although in the Champaran case civil disobedience appeared to be a modest and just ancillary part of more general project of demolition of unjust order, we can make some substantial conclusions from this regarding the nature of civil disobedience. The common Gandhian disobedience with Rawls' description of civil disobedience, are 1 disobedient action is transparent, open to public, particularly to those, whom they oppose; 2 disobedient action is an embodiment of nonviolent resistance; 3 civil disobedience is justified by intention to prevent evident violation of people' s legitimate interests.

At the same time in the Champaran case one can distinguish some peculiar features of civil disobedience which Rawls didn't pay attention to. First, in this case we have quite different foundation of civil disobedience. In his decision Gandhi related not to the Constitution or existing general order, but to "the higher law of our being the voice of conscience" a kind of natural sense of justice. Though his decision not to obey the Magistrate precept was definitely political, it was not so by motivation and explanation. Second, Gandhi intervened into the situation completely selflessly. Although he protested against treating him as an outlier, he, as a matter of fact was not an outlier in terms of stock-holding; he had come to Champaran as an an external observer and embarked into the conflict as a third party mediator.

Owing to this his position looked stronger and more convincing. The third observation regards a broader, political context of civil disobedience rather than civil disobedience itself. As Rawls accentuated, civil disobedience was a mechanism of democratic order. Of course, the challenging potential of civil disobedience as a means of nonviolent protest is strong just under the democratic order. Probably, Civil disobedience is senseless in the totalitarian society.

However, Gandhi's experience proved that civil disobedience can work in non-democratic society, like it was in Bihar in , if this society has certain, even a minimal level of openness and civil liberties and if disobedience is performed by a popular and authoritative public leader. Fourth, civil disobedience should be considered as one among many other means of protests. Struggle against injustice will never win if it is not directed to truth and justice and is not motivated by the will towards truth and justice. In other words, the struggle against injustice will inevitably fail, if it is oppugned in a way of "not to see, not to hear, not to speak. Similarly, no state is possible. Thoreau believed the individual must always express his or her belief about societal laws.

Throughout history, non-violent protests have taken many forms, each for. Home Page Research Gandhi's acts of civil disobedience Essay. Gandhi's acts of civil disobedience Essay Words 11 Pages. This occupation would not fully end until In the time between, there were many movements by the Indian people to gain independence from the British. And that was why it worked. Gandhi did not agree with the general reasoning of the time: that conflicts could be solved through negotiation and forceful resistance.

This worked very well in gaining the support of his opposers. At this time, Gandhi began to seek employment as a lawyer in India. But his London education gave him little knowledge of Hindu and Indian law, making work very hard to find in India. He considered going to an Indian university, but at the time it was not economically feasible. Eventually he was able to find an opportunity to practice law that would bring him to Natal, South Africa in Argumentative Essay On Right Vs. Responsibility Antigone could be compared to the volunteers who buried the refugees because they knew it was right—she wanted to give her brother at least a simple burial. Words: - Pages: 7. Words: - Pages: 4. Words: - Pages: 8. Words: - Pages: 5. Words: - Pages: 3.

Necessary Freedoms You said: " But you want to get rid of the amendment that gives us our most basic and necessary freedoms to ensure tyranny never takes root here ever again. Mahatma Gandhi Nonviolence Analysis In this passage, Gandhi talks about what nonviolence means to him. Antigone Vs Creon In the story Antigone by Sophocles, Antigone and her sister Ismene had an idea of burying her brother because it was the right thing to do. Related Topics. Ready To Get Started? Create Flashcards. Discover Create Flashcards Mobile apps.

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