➊ Mao Zedongs One Child Policy Case Study

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Mao Zedongs One Child Policy Case Study

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China's One Child Policy

In other words, China has relaxed the one-child policy and adopted a more pro-natalist stance for Han Chinese people , even while embarking on a wave of repression against minorities. This repression includes a worsening position for fertility. The figure below shows the change in the officially reported crude birth rate among Chinese regions between and , versus the non-Han Chinese population share in each region as measured in the census. Many highly urbanized regions with very few minorities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Shandong, and Fujian have seen their birth rates rise slightly, while regions with more minorities such as Tibet, Xinjiang, Qinghai, and Yunnan have seen precipitous declines in birth rates.

Hong Kong, not shown in this data, is no exception: Birth rates there have fallen significantly. The U. But if birth rates fall to lower levels about 1. Had the policy regime of one-child limits for Han Chinese people with exemptions for minorities or firstborn girls continued, then the total number of men of fighting age would have declined at an extraordinary pace, and a rising share of those men would have been members of ethnic minorities that Chinese military planners may regard with suspicion when it comes to matters of national security. Rather than a thriving middle class robustly demonstrating the vitality of the Chinese model of governance, China is likely to see economic growth slow down in the middle-income range even as it runs out of workers to continue its labor-fueled growth model.

A family wearing face masks prepares to board a train at Nanjing Railway Station before the three-day Dragon Boat Festival holiday on June If birth rates in China have in fact been on the lower end of expert estimates for some time now, then China may be in a more advanced state of demographic decline than official statistics have indicated. Official statisticians might know this, but the main issue in Chinese statistics is with low quality of reporting at the local level, so even the government itself may not know the extent of the problem. But military recruiters may have a better sense of the changing demography on the ground, especially among men of recruitment age in the poorer areas of the countryside that the military largely recruits from.

State-owned firms that hire hundreds of thousands of workers every year might also have their finger on the demographic pulse of the nation. If they were signaling a dire demographic scenario, it would trigger exactly the kind of policy response China is now implementing. However, these measures are not likely to meet much success. Thus far, China has only taken tentative steps in the direction of childbearing support and maternity leave, while making divorce harder.

Childc are remains difficult to find and expensive when available. This is not a recipe for a large increase in birth rates. Writing for China Daily , other demographers have noted that a major reason Chinese young people do not have children is due to the high burdens of elder care associated with small families, but providing more generous social support to elderly people in China would cost the government an enormous amount of money. Furthermore, the people in China who probably most want to have multiple children ethnic and religious minorities are seeing the hardest policy shift against their life choices, with churches and mosques being closed and minority languages and cultural traditions suppressed.

Put simply, it will be difficult for China to achieve meaningfully higher birth rates without radically adjusting government spending toward more social welfare, especially for elders, and without easing up at least a bit on Sinicization initiatives. Lyman Stone is a research fellow at the Institute for Family Studies and an advisor at the consulting firm Demographic Intelligence. Beijing has its eyes set on using Afghanistan as a strategic corridor once U. A girl wearing a face mask plays on her scooter at a park in Beijing on Feb.

Argument Hilton Yip. Tags: China , Demography. The Taliban Are Breaking Bad Meth is even more profitable than heroin—and is turbocharging the insurgency. Essay Alexander Wooley. Essay Jerry Hendrix. Analysis Lauri Myllyvirta. The Chinese government claims its strategy prevented the births of million babies. In , the government started to ease away from its population control program. Twelve million couples were allowed to apply to have a second child, but only a small number did so. In , the one-child policy was closed down with every couple now allowed to have two children.

So, why the change? Remember that massive surge in population numbers under Chairman Mao? Those people are now elderly and dropping out of the workforce. By , million Chinese citizens will be over 65, but there will be fewer working-age people to support them. There will also be a labour shortage. Perhaps, the one-child policy worked too well. Over almost four decades, Chinese families have become used to the idea of raising a single child. They like the fact that looking after an only child is less time consuming and a smaller financial burden.

This is behind the reluctance of couples to take up the two-child offer. James Vaughan. Families with only one child have lavished enormous attention on that single offspring. These are children who have been pampered and who have developed a belief that they are the centre of the Universe. Peter Griffin. They have no social skills. They expect instant gratification. There has been another downside to the one-child policy; the imbalance between males and females. In Chinese culture, and in many others, male children are preferred over females. So, when it became possible to learn the gender of a fetus, many females were aborted. This disrupted the natural gender balance among humans that for every females born males are delivered.

But, gender-selective abortion in China has yielded a ratio of men to women. Today, there are 30 million men of marrying age in China who have no hope of finding a bride. Economics professor Xie Zuoshi has suggested a solution; two men could share one wife. This practice, known as polyandry, is not unknown in China. This happened in every province in China, and for the most part, their communities tolerated or even accepted it. These issues highlight the difficulties attached to social engineering. In the process of solving one problem the Chinese government has created several others. In , births in China fell to a record low, raising fears of a demographic crisis.

So, in June , it was time for yet another reset. Now, the two-child policy has been changed to the three-child policy.

Those at the top of Mao Zedongs One Child Policy Case Study economic ladder do not seem to be doing enough to help their brothers and sisters at the bottom rise. World Politics. Good Essays. It is difficult, if not impossible, importance of therapeutic nurse-patient relationship Mao Zedongs One Child Policy Case Study the claim that the one-child policy directly resulted in fewer tons of Mao Zedongs One Child Policy Case Study dioxide emissions.

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